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In the Eyes of Some Britons

Aleppo, an Enlightenment City

Mohammad Sakhnini

Abstract

This article examines the travel accounts of some eighteenth-century British travelers to Aleppo. It shows how these travelers’ identities were steeped in the world of others—in the entanglement with people from different cultures and religions—with no mention recalled in their diaries that Islam and Muslims were their enemies. As this article shows, these Britons posited Aleppo as a multicultural, multireligious city in which Europeans were not only men of riches and influence but also free to pursue their cultural and religious practices. This article concludes by emphasizing that British enlightenment practices—toleration, improvement, and freedom—were pursued both within European grand cities such as Paris, Edinburgh, and London as well as in Aleppo.

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Introduction

Capacity Building in Ethnographic Comparison

Rachel Douglas-Jones and Justin Shaffner

approach provides an opportunity to theorize the concept’s emergence and ubiquity at this particular historical moment, where what we mightof improvement like call ‘conceptual borrowing’ or ‘templating’ ( Simpson 2012: 157 ) is happening rapidly, and on a

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Soheila Shahshahani

As from this issue of Anthropology of the Middle East, we are planning a new section, open to all readers, to share their academic experience in the Middle East. For those of us working in the region, anthropology has been a difficult field to get established and to contribute its share to the academia of the Middle East and from there to the academia and the public in the Middle East, and to the world of anthropology at large. We have had a variety of difficulties, as you will see in this text, and when we mention them, we realise anthropologists in some other countries far and wide have had similar experiences. Here, we propose to open an arena for expression and discussion with the hope of facilitating the road for younger anthropologists. In doing so, we shall not be pointing the finger at any one person or academic institutions, but wish to adopt a more comprehensive and holistic approach in addressing and solving our problems, and suggesting some solutions.

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Are “the Natives” Educable?

Dutch Schoolchildren Learn Ethical Colonial Policy (1890–1910)

Elisabeth Wesseling and Jacques Dane

educability of the “native” population, with advocates claiming that the indigenous population of the East Indies was amenable to a certain degree of improvement and opponents arguing that Indies people were categorically impervious to virtues such as

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Wolfgang Merkel and Jean-Paul Gagnon

but, simultaneously, there can also be democratic improvement in others. Think about the progressing exclusion of the lower classes from political participation and representation, on the one side, and the inclusion of women and gay people into

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The racial fix

White currency in the gentrification of black and Latino Chicago

Jesse Mumm

property values that precedes or even funds improvements based on the racial valuation of white people? For this I turn back to my ethnographic interviews and the stories respondents told on front steps, at parties, and in kitchens over coffee. Sophie

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Elias L. Khalil

their call on the basis of improvement of efficiency – which can be measured by expected wellbeing per capita? Reformers and revolutionaries often claim that a particular set of institutions – which underpins systems such as slavery, caste division of

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Social Quality in China

An Analysis of the Evaluation of Different Classes

Cui Yan and Huang Yongliang

-identified social status. Interest appeals of different classes are characterized by being diversified and multidimensional. In the 40 years since the “reform and opening up,” China has seen a significant improvement in its economic productivity and people’s living

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How to Survive the Postfeminist Impasse

Grace Helbig’s Affective Aesthetics

Catherine McDermott

be perpetually on the lookout for methods of self-improvement. Over the last decade or so, a vast archive of interrogations of the diversity of cultural manifestations of postfeminism ( Gwynne and Muller 2013 ; Negra and Tasker 2007 ; Projansky 2001

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Managing a Multiplicity of Interests

The Case of Irregular Migration from Libya

Melissa Phillips

improvements at least in the near future due to the lack of authorities on the ground, the continuous state of lawlessness and political disagreement.” 7 There is an absence of insight as to the efficacy of programs in a context where authorities are not