European Union (EU) development policy—poverty eradication and sustainable development in developing countries—poses a challenge in itself to any external intervention. Adding a reduction of inequality to this equation as another emerging development policy
The ill-fitting pieces in the EU’s development partnerships
Riina Pilke and Marikki Stocchetti
A problem of comparison
Poverty is a relative concept that is most meaningful within the context of social inequality in a particular culture. Among pastoralists in east Africa, often with mixed economies and herds that tend to fluctuate erratically over time, the problem of assessing poverty and wealth can be resolved by examining profiles of polygyny to provide a comparable index of wealth. Several profiles are examined in relation to a mathematical model based on the binomial series, with an emphasis on its social rather than mathematical implications. These series are especially apt because they closely follow the distribution of wives in a substantial sample of African societies, and they reveal different types of balances between competition and conformity associated with age and with status. The purpose of this essay is to redefine the problem of poverty in terms of the social profiles of inequality, leading toward a comparative analysis between cultures.
Yoram Ida, Amir Hefetz, Assaf Meydani, Gila Menahem, and Elad Cohen
intervention in the management of failing local governments. In light of the central role of national expenditures in determining inequality in access to resources and social opportunities for citizens, and the large portion of national spending that is
International migration in the contemporary era of globalization generates complex inequalities that require a non-statist approach to justice. This paper considers how the analysis of these inequalities may be fruitfully undertaken using Nancy Fraser’s framework of redistribution, recognition, and representation. The discussion uses empirical material from a case study of Ethiopian women who migrate as domestic workers to countries in the Middle East. The paper suggests potential directions for more transformative approaches to justice within the context of international migration.
Ethnographies of affirmative action
Alpa Shah and Sara Shneiderman
This is the introduction to a special section of Focaal that includes seven articles on the anthropology of affirmative action in South Asia. The section promotes the sustained, critical ethnographic analysis of affirmative action measures adopted to combat historical inequalities around the world. Turning our attention to the social field of affirmative action opens up new fronts in the anthropological effort to understand the state by carefully engaging the relationship between the formation and effects of policies for differentiated citizenship. We explore this relationship in the historical and contemporary context of South Asia, notably India and Nepal. We argue that affirmative action policies always transform society, but not always as expected. The relationship between political and socioeconomic inequality can be contradictory. Socioeconomic inequalities may persist or be refigured in new terms, as policies of affirmative action and their experiential effects are intimately linked to broader processes of economic liberalization and political transformation.
Wolfgang Merkel and Jean-Paul Gagnon
challenges they face. And I think there are some dramatic challenges underway where democracy has so far not found very effective means to cope with them. One is the challenge of globalization and the other is the challenge of inequality. Gagnon: I’d like to
Marcos S. Scauso, Garrett FitzGerald, Arlene B. Tickner, Navnita Chadha Behera, Chengxin Pan, Chih-yu Shih, and Kosuke Shimizu
As the specter of COVID-19 haunts the world, another specter—that of colonialism—has made a spectacular (re)appearance. Colonial continuities, as evidenced in myriad forms of inequality, discrimination, and violence, are prevalent throughout the
Accusations, Mutual Help and the Containment of Ugly Feelings in the Gusii Highlands, Kenya
envious, which may have motivated her to bewitch Alfred's cows. In conversation, these rumours prompted interlocutors to agree on an all-too-common narrative about Gusiiland: because of rising scarcity and inequality, envy has run amok and permeated
Solar Energy Development in Zanzibar
not only by resource availability but also by historical acts of political violence, persistent ideologies of distinction, and ongoing conditions of profound inequality. Anthropology of energy and infrastructure Anthropologists have long
Rolf Dieter Hepp
SUPI (Social Uncertainty Precarity Inequality) Network focus on current questions and problems related to the sociological analysis of the world of work. This analysis faces a significant rise in public demand for explanations of current transformations