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A culture of informality?

Fragmented solidarities among construction workers in Nepal

Dan V. Hirslund

one of the major challenges in their work, echoing the International Labour Organization's long campaigns against informal work ( ILO 2015 ). Already in 1976, Jan Breman published a critique of the “informal sector” concept, as it obscured “the

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En-Gendering Insecurities

The Case of the Migration Policy Regime in Thailand

Philippe Doneys

The paper examines the migration policy regime in Thailand using a human security lens. It suggests that insecurities experienced by migrants are partly caused or exacerbated by a migration policy regime, consisting of migration laws and regulations and non-migration related policies and programs, that pushes migrants into irregular forms of mobility and insecure employment options. These effects are worse for women migrants who have fewer resources to access legal channels while they are relegated to insecure employment in the reproductive or informal sectors. Using a gender and human security analysis, therefore, reveals how the migration policy regime, often informed by a restrictive national security approach, can clash with the human security needs of migrants by creating a large pool of unprotected irregular migrants with women occupying the most vulnerable forms of employment. In conclusion, it is suggested that this ‘en-gendering’ of human insecurities could be overcome if gender equality was designed into policies and guided their implementation.

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Lotta Björklund Larsen

Hiring home cleaning is a contested phenomenon in Sweden and increasingly so when informally recompensed. During the last decade, pigdebatten (the maid debate), a proposal for subsidized, paid home cleaning has divided the public debate along political lines as well as in terms of gender and class. Drawing on the historical notions of what type of work an economy includes (and excludes), this article addresses the contestation of paid home cleaning as a transaction of work. How do buyers negotiate and justify svart (black market) cleaning as an acceptable transaction in time and space when separating the public from the private? This case study is based on interviews with a group of women indicted for having bought cleaning services from an immigrant without a working permit, a case that created a heated media debate in 2003 and 2004.

Open access

Santiago Ripoll, Annie Wilkinson, Syed Abbas, Hayley MacGregor, Tabitha Hrynick, and Megan Schmidt-Sane

al. 2021 ). Low-wage or informal work is also often a major driver of individuals’ (in)ability to follow public health measures during an epidemic. For respiratory illnesses like Influenza or COVID-19, low-paid ‘frontline’ workers – unable to work

Open access

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Reconfigurations of Domestic Space in Favelas

Brief Reflections on Intimacies and Precariousness

Carolina Parreiras

little in the way of ventilation. Another important thing to note is that the majority favela residents perform some type of informal work and/or receive direct income transfers through the Bolsa Familia programme. Of course, these infrastructural

Open access

Simone Carter, Izzy Scott Moncrieff, Pierre Z. Akilimali, Dieudonné Mwamba Kazadi, and Karen A. Grépin

high-risk, low-paid and informal work. Women's employment in the DRC is concentrated in agriculture and small businesses in the informal trade sector (where they occupy 64 per cent of jobs) ( IMF 2015 ; JICA 2017 ), mainly in the sale of food and low

Free access

“If the coronavirus doesn’t kill us, hunger will”

Regional absenteeism and the Wayuu permanent humanitarian crisis

Claudia Puerta Silva, Esteban Torres Muriel, Roberto Carlos Amaya Epiayú, Alicia Dorado González, Fatima Epieyú, Estefanía Frías Epinayú, Álvaro Ipuana Guariyü, Miguel Ramírez Boscán, and Jakeline Romero Epiayú

numerous ports of the peninsula and up to very south of Cesar and Magdalena in the Colombian territory, and in the states of Zulia, Táchira, Falcón, and Mérida in Venezuela. La Guajira has high rates of informal work; people have no food or economic

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Cinthia Torres Toledo and Marília Pinto de Carvalho

the “updating of a history of long duration,” further blurring the borders between legal work, informal work, illegal work, and illicit work among the impoverished segments of the working class ( Telles and Hirata 2011 ). Apart from that, almost 400

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Amanda J. Reinke

, confidentiality agreements, local and state funding and grant paperwork, and other official documentation standardizes and professionalizes the otherwise informal work of restorative justice ( Reinke 2016 ). The standardization and professionalization manifest in

Free access

Putting-out’s return

Informalization and differential subsumption in Thailand’s garment sector

Stephen Campbell

petty bourgeoisie and proletarian, while “still being employed by capital as wage labourers.” Taking the “not quite proletarian” side of this argument further, the more celebratory accounts of labor informalization have presented informal work as