This article exposes criterial bases of the development of social quality in the USSR and Russia. The causes of the increased volatility of the state-monopoly capitalism emerging in Russia from the 1990s and in the first decade of the twenty-first century are analyzed. Characteristics of social quality such as a high proportion of low-paid employees, a low standard of living and a high economic inequality are considered. The impact of the precarity of employment on these processes is demonstrated. Risk factors of precarity of employment such as type of labor contract, form of employment, working conditions and wages (in particular, volatility and discreteness of payments) are analyzed. The evaluation of scale of the precarity of employment in the formal sector in Russia is made; the distribution of workers in precarity of employment by kinds of economic activity and the deviation of their average wages are introduced. Overcoming the instability of development is linked to the transition to a society of people-humanistic socialism.
A Look at Russia
Vyacheslav Nikolayevitch Bobkov, Olesya Veredyuk, and Ulvi Aliyev
The methodological implications of “studying up” in Pakistan
exacerbate the challenges of undertaking participant observation with the most powerful members of society, particularly in contexts of instability. Elites are often intensely private groups that are difficult for researchers to access ( Gilding 2010
Andrea Ceron and Luigi Curini
This chapter examines the coalition-bargaining process that took place after the 2013 elections. Using a hand-coding technique, we analyzed the parliamentary speeches released by parties, first in April, during the investiture debate of the Letta I Cabinet, and again in December, during the confidence vote on the Letta II Cabinet. In mapping the policy position of Italian parties along the two most salient dimensions, that is, the economy and institutional reforms, we were able to assess theoretically the stability of the Letta cabinet(s). The lack of a “core party” and the wide policy distance between the two main partners of the coalition suggested the strong instability of the Letta I Cabinet, which ultimately led to the formation of a different government after the split of the PdL. This new Letta cabinet, however, was expected to be characterized by a strong instability as well.
Temporality, Uncertainty, and Well-Being among Iraqi Refugees in Egypt
While displacement has always involved the refiguring of space, scholars of forced migration have recently begun to consider how temporality might be crucial to an understanding of displacement. In this article, I consider the interplay of temporal and spatial uncertainty in the experience of exile for Iraqi refugees in metropolitan Cairo. By examining how Iraqis understand displacement as uncertain and how this uncertainty is a cause of significant distress, I show that an attunement to temporality can help us to understand refugees' experiences of displacement. Iraqi refugees spoke of exile in Cairo as 'living in transit'—a condition in which disjuncture between their expectations about exile and its realities contributed to an altered experience of time in which the future became particularly uncertain and life was experienced as unstable. One solution sought by refugees is resettlement, a process that often renders the future even more uncertain, at least in the short term.
Indonesia seems perpetually condemned to “live in interesting times,” as the famous Chinese curse goes. The past decade has seen the country attract global notoriety as a land of recurrent economic shocks, ethnic conflicts, terrorist bombings, separatist rebellions, and natural catastrophes. Political authorities have appeared too corrupt and inept to respond effectively. Thus, when Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY), a retired general, scored a landslide victory in Indonesia’s first-ever direct presidential election in September 2004, the political rise of a military man was widely portrayed as a small blow for stability in a highly unstable nation.
Mark Donovan and Paolo Onofri
It is difficult to tell a story pretending not to know how it ends. This volume
is concerned with the political and politico-economic events that
took place in Italy during the course of 2007, but in reality it is implicitly
the story of an aborted legislature, the fifteenth in the Republic’s history,
which began in April 2006 and ended prematurely in January 2008.
Perhaps in anticipation of this outcome, the year 2007 was permeated
by a sense of deep political malaise. The government of Romano Prodi,
despite having been in office since only May 2006, and despite its reasonably
effective management of the economy, was weak and unpopular.
Its frailty was rooted, most immediately, in the election outcome,
which gave it a majority of just two in the Senate, and that outcome in
turn resulted in large part from the effects of the electoral system reform
introduced by the center-right government in December 2005. The purpose
of that reform—or counter-reform, as some prefer to call it—was to
minimize the scale of the government’s expected defeat or, reversing the
perspective, to render the center-left’s victory as marginal as possible.
Experiments in Energy, Capital, and Aluminium
converting tectonic instability into the promise of resource stability. Making Earthquakes: Electricity My fieldwork at Reykjavík Energy in 2013 and 2014 was partly spent at a desk in the geology department of the municipal company. Here I attended
After presenting a brief summary of the events leading up to the German Autumn, this article offers a close analysis of media responses in major German newspapers and magazines in the months following these violent and confusing political developments. It compares these responses to reports in January 1980, where the events of the late 1970s serve as a catalyst for fears of global change. Media articulate these fears about the stability and identity of the West German nation state in increasingly vague and generalized terms and relate them to a global situation that is "out of control." The discussions in this article suggest that these expressed fears reveal tensions, interruptions, and gaps in the conservative fantasy of the secure and prosperous Western nation state.
A challenging prospect for regionalism
inequalities—both politically and economically, dependence on the west, underdeveloped economies, and political instability. However, the growing dependance from Southeast Asia is not going to be different. Furthermore, LA features substantial informal sectors
Knowledge Making with and without Digital Practices during Irregularized Migration to Öresund
Nina Grønlykke Mollerup
incorporates both the difficulties of knowing in a moving environment and the implications of danger for knowing. Second, the article enters into a conversation with anthropological theories of knowing. By bringing instability and danger into the theorization