Jan Zielonka’s Counter-Revolution: Liberal Europe in Retreat (Oxford University Press, 2018) is a furious, worried pamphlet on the challenges that European democracies are currently facing, on the apparent rise of illiberalism. This article critically reviews the book and seeks to offer a somewhat different and perhaps more optimistic picture of the current predicaments of European politics. The main point of reference in this respect is Finland, a country whose political institutions have managed, by and large, to uphold a sense of coherence in society. A commitment to participatory, equality-based, and freedom-generating institutions can indeed be seen as a primary means to counter the decline of liberalism.
A Letter to Jan Zielonka
An Analysis of the Enduring Political East-West Divide in Germany Thirty Years After the Wall's Fall
Germany continues to face an inter-regional political divide between the East and the West three decades after unification. Most strikingly, this divide is expressed in different party systems. The right-wing populist Alternative for Germany and the left-wing populist Left Party are considerably more successful in the eastern regions, while German centrist parties perform worse (and shrink faster at the ballot-box) than in the West. The article discusses empirical evidence of this resilient yet puzzling political divide and explores three main clusters of explanatory factors: The after-effects of the German Democratic Republic’s authoritarian past and its politico-cultural legacies, translating into distinct value cleavage configurations alongside significantly weaker institutional trust and more wide-spread skepticism towards democracy in the East; continuous, even if partly reduced inter-regional socioeconomic divisions and varying economic, social and political opportunities; and populist parties and movements acting as political entrepreneurs who construct and politically reinforce the East-West divide. It is argued that only the combination of these factors helps understand the depth and origins of the lasting divide.
Distrust and Duress in Côte d’Ivoire
.g., an armed fighter). In this third example, trust building is mediated by “institutional trust” or distrust, the third type our project distinguished ( Förster et al. 2007 ). The fourth form of trust affected in times of violent conflict, “normative
Assessing the role of national human rights institutions in democracy and development in Ghana and Uganda
Richard Iroanya, Patrick Dzimiri and Edith Phaswana
reasonable degree of trust in the institution. The setting aside of administrative decisions that negatively impacted people on the directive of the CHRAJ also indicates a reasonable degree of government belief, support, respect, and trust in the institution
Anna Scolobig, Luigi Pellizzoni and Chiara Bianchizza
other words, the context of, and approach to, trade-offs are intertwined and vital to determining the degree of success of participation in decision-making. Directly addressing trade-offs, when this is possible, is beneficial to institutional trust and