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Affected Interests and Their Institutions

Amit Ron

One of the productive manners by which democratic theorists respond to the complexity of modern political institutions is by exploring different ways to conceptualize the meaning of the democratic demos ( Cohen 1999 ; Gould 2006 ; Williams 2009

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Apprenticeship and Global Institutions

Learning Japanese Psychiatry

Joshua Breslau

How is the knowledge embedded in a global institution such as psychiatry integrated into taken-for-granted understandings and everyday medical practice in a non-Western setting such as Japan? How can ethnographic research address this question without simplifying institutional complexity and cross-cultural variations? This paper argues that the ethnography of apprenticeship can resolve these tensions between global and local sources of cultural knowledge. Recent work in cognitive anthropology and practice theory has demonstrated the value of examining apprenticeship as a window onto dynamics of institutional production and reproduction. As an ethnographic strategy, the study of apprenticeship makes the processes through which knowledge crosses cultural boundaries accessible to research. Drawing on two years of ethnographic research on the training of Japanese psychiatrists, I describe the institutional structure in which psychiatric knowledge becomes embedded in newly trained psychiatrists. This system, known as the ikyoku system, reproduces many characteristics of Japanese organizational patterns. Examining the details of this system offers additional insight into the particular way in which psychiatric knowledge becomes situated in contemporary Japanese society. The theory of apprenticeship, however, has a much broader potential for informing ethnographic research strategies for studying contemporary global institutions.

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Democracies and Their Crises Reconsidered

Wolfgang Merkel and Jean-Paul Gagnon

looks not only at input; it looks very much at institutional procedures as well (Buhlmann, Merkel et al. 2012) . In system-theoretical terminology we would call this a focus on throughput (see David Easton [1957] for more on input/output and Vivien

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Personal and Professional Encompassment in Organizational Capacity Building

SOS Children’s Villages and Supportive Housing

Viktoryia Kalesnikava

What is the purpose of an organization? How does an institution enact or build its perceived capacity? These questions are hardly intriguing or new. Yet once we look past the bureaucratic tiers of regulatory policies and prescriptive practices

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Returnees, Institutions, and Networks

Making Space for Technology Entrepreneurship in Beirut

William Benton

information economy in Beirut. Venture founders need both expertise and, as a venture grows, talented people to hire, and funders need to develop a fine-grained sense of local investment opportunities to fulfil their fund hypothesis. Local institutions

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Student engagement in the management of accelerated change

Anthropological reflections on ‘Project 2012’ and The Offer

Anselma Gallinat

funding engendered considerable public debate around issues of fairness and access. It also launched intense activity in higher education institutions as they sought to adapt existing practices, structures and policies to the anticipated new reality. There

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Thinking about Thinking

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Finding Continuity in US Military Veterans’ Embodied Minds

Anna Zogas

healing technologies and the disciplinary techniques of institutions. Veterans’ experience of their injuries, their cognitive impairments and the rehabilitative options available at the VA are entangled with the experience of leaving an archetypal

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Wal-Mart Goes To Germany

Culture, Institutions, and the Limits of Globalization

Matthias Kaelberer

of German consumers and businesses. Domestic culture and institutions interact to constrain convergence towards a single model of doing business in the retail sector. The factors that benefit Wal-Mart’s market power in the United States and many other

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Institutional Readiness for Community–University Alliances

Perspectives on Repatriation

Rebecca L. Bourgeois and Andie D. Palmer

Collaborative research between institutions and Indigenous communities in Canada has aimed to address injustices born out of oppressive colonial power imbalances. Although it is impossible to truly decolonise something that is the direct result of

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Institutional Distrust, Institutional Participation, and Protest Behavior in the European Social Movement Sector

Matthew Schoene

How do institutional distrust and institutional participation influence various types of protest activity? Institutions, or shared and learned systems of behavior, are the building blocks of mass society and represent a bridge between public and