There is a tendency to see the history of intellectual engagement during the Dreyfus Affair as a study of the Dreyfusard Left. However, this approach marginalizes the existence of self-proclaimed intellectuals of the anti-Dreyfusard Right and diminishes our appreciation of the complexity of the debates. This article explores the efforts of self-proclaimed anti-Dreyfusard intellectuals, such as Maurice Barrès, to claim the title of intellectual, redefine intellectual responsibility according to right-wing values, and reconstruct intellectual collective identity around their own social and cultural experience.
Intellectual Identity in Fin de Siècle France
, there are exceptions—individuals whose ideas have inspired others and academic fields where French scholars excel around the world. The most famous French intellectual right now is the rockstar economist Thomas Piketty. His opus Capital in the Twenty