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Local legacies of the GULag in Siberia

Anthropological reflections

Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer

This essay, based on field notes from 1976 to 2013, explores resonances of the GULag and exile system in Siberia, focusing on often ignored indigenous peoples in villages and towns. Interethnic relations, diverse community relationships with prison camps, and dynamics of Russian Orthodox and pre-Christian spirituality are explored. Debates about how to understand, teach, and memorialize the significance of the Stalinist system are analyzed, as are issues of shame, moral debilitation, and cultural revitalization. Featured cases include the Khanty of West Siberia, Sibiriaki of West and East Siberia, plus Éveny, Évenki, Yukagir, and Sakha of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The author argues that what local people have chosen to emphasize as they reflect on and process the GULag varies greatly with their and their ancestors' specific experiences of the camps and exiles, as well as with their degrees of indigeneity.

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Individualization and Ethnopedagogy at Small Elementary Schools

Components of Vocational Training for University Tutors

Nikolai Neustroev, Anna Neustroeva, Tuyaara Shergina, and Jenanne K. Ferguson

for securing peaceful and productive interethnic relations and is one of the indicators of the quality of modern Russian education that is developing in the direction of creating a tolerant and multinational civic society. Ethnopedagogical Bases for

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Indigenous Urbanization in Russia's Arctic

The Case of Nenets Autonomous Region

Marya Rozanova

This article presents the social, economic, and political factors that contribute to the ongoing urbanization of the Nenets indigenous communities (“communities-in-transition”) in the Nenets Autonomous Region. Focusing on the preconditions for “indigenous flight” from traditional rural settlements to urban areas, the article analyzes key indicators—demographics, language proficiency, education level, and occupational sector, as well as social cohesion, interethnic relations, and political inclusion in the larger urban context—to describe the adaptation and integration processes of these new city dwellers. Based on the fieldwork in the region, the article also presents individual life strategies and career choices of indigenous youth and describes the role of gender in indigenous urbanization.

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The Socio-Demographic Situation in the Republic of Tuva

Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s

Zoya Dorzhu

Translator : Jenanne Ferguson

social laws were adopted which led to the state significantly increasing its social burden. Without actual funding secured, these laws originally had a solely declarative character. The aggravation of interethnic relations in Tuva in the 1990s, in the

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“The Community is Everything, The Individual is Nothing”

The Second World War in Russian History Education

Dagmara Moskwa

meeting of the Council for Interethnic Relations, in which the president criticized the state of history teaching in Russian schools and voiced his displeasure at the fact that textbooks presented different interpretations of the most important moments of

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Violence and Identification

Everyday Ethnic Identity in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Torsten Kolind

the Muslim community. In 1990, interethnic relations among the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina were becoming increasingly tense, and with the coming of the multiparty election, Bosnia and Herzogovina saw the emergence of distinct political parties

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The Colonial State and Carnival

The Complexity and Ambiguity of Carnival in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

Christoph Kohl

Guinea-Bissau, completed in May 2007, as part of my PhD project “Creole Identity, Interethnic Relations, and Postcolonial Nation-Building in Guinea-Bissau,” supported by the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology and the Graduate School “Society and

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Refugee studies in Austria today

From challenges to a research horizon

Leonardo Schiocchet, Sabine Bauer-Amin, Maria Six-Hohenbalken, and Andre Gingrich

desirability and acceptability of foreigners in Austria were equally mirrored in new or long-established migrant communities in Austria, who attached different values to different interethnic relations and acted accordingly. Different online forums harbor

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Nicholas Parlato, Gail Fondahl, Viktoriya Filippova, and Antonina Savvinova

paradoxes of regional sovereignty in Russia .” Comparative Politics 37 , no. 2 : 127 – 146 . 10.2307/20072879 Balzer , Marjorie , and Uliana Vinokurova . 1996 . “ Nationalism, interethnic relations, and federalism: The case of the Sakha Republic

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In the shade of the chinar

Dushanbe's affective spatialities

Malika Bahovadinova

41 ( 2 ): 351 – 367 . 10.1111/amet.12080 Ferrando , Olivier . 2011 . “ Soviet Population Transfers and Interethnic Relations in Tajikistan: Assessing the Concept of Ethnicity .” Central Asian Survey 30 ( 1 ): 39 – 52 . 10