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Brett Holman

British society through what he called the ‘Invisible Hand’, which he identified with German-born men naturalised as British citizens. Neither aerial bombardment nor naturalised Germans had featured largely in Le Queux's prewar writing, but by resorting to

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Oili Pulkkinen

Newtonian science and mechanics left an important imprint on the Scottish Enlightenment. Even though the usage of mechanical metaphors, especially that of a “state machine” per se, were rare in Scottish philosophy, its conception of the human, animal and political bodies as mechanisms that function according to regular principles, or laws, helped to shape many of the theories that have now become popular in various fields of Scottish studies. Most research in these fields focus on the conceptions of history related to theories of economic advancement. In this article the author suggests that the theories produced in the Scottish Enlightenment were also nuanced attempts to describe how historical mechanisms operate.

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Amanda Krzyworzeka

The agricultural situation in Poland has been changing significantly during the last decades. In 1989, the predictability of the communist centrally planned economy was replaced by the unexpectedness and "invisible hand" of the free market economy. The socialist welfare state has been replaced by new modes of support, introduced by European Union (EU). On the basis of fieldwork conducted between 2005 and 2008 in farming communities in eastern Poland, I focus on decision making among small-scale farmers. This article addresses decision-making processes and their sociocultural context, including the reasons for and circumstances behind decisions, and also elements of decision-making processes that tend to hinder the introduction of EU agricultural policy. In the course of adapting to new and changing realities, farmers creatively use customary ways of thinking and acting in the various decisions they have to make while running the farm. Changes of the very mechanisms of decision-making processes seem to be rather slow, however.

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Refugee or Alien?

The Long-Term Influence of Eastern European Jewish Immigrants on the Reception of German Jews into Great Britain in the 1930s

Diana Packer

–156. 18 Bermant, Point of Arrival , 148–149, 155–158. 19 Paul Knepper, ‘The Other Invisible Hand: Jews and Anarchists in London before the First World War’, Jewish History 22, no. 3 (2008), 296, 300–303. 20 Englander, Documentary History , 215

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Beyond Metaphor

Corporeal Sociability and the Language of Commerce in Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

Joseph D. Bryan

irreducible corporeal feature. Adam Smith is best known for his two metaphors “the invisible hand” and “the impartial spectator.” 51 Smith's political economy was a vision of organic unity, the cohesive arrangement of physical bodies into a larger

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Richard Westra

than the impersonal, so-called ‘invisible hand’-operated exchanges theorised by Adam Smith. Historical Principles of Economy Copious studies of economic history by David Graeber and Karl Polanyi yield similar conclusions. Graeber, for his part

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“Amazing Rapidity”

Time, Public Credit, and David Hume's Political Discourses

Edward Jones Corredera

its trade and industry very far, where all the surrounding states are buried in ignorance, sloth, and barbarism.” 114 The providential capacities of Adam Smith's invisible hand were transferred to the capacity for imitation to improve the nation as a

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‘William Le Queux, Master of Misinformation’

Ailise Bulfin and Harry Wood

sense of its own lamentable insecurity’. 46 Brett Holman's article, ‘William Le Queux, the Zeppelin Menace and the Invisible Hand’, shifts the focus to Le Queux's prolific wartime writing, which to this date remains almost completely unexplored. A

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Precarious Girls and (Cruel) Optimism

Protecting Sexually Abused Teenage Girls

Rosemary R. Carlton

toward governance and as a seemingly natural accompaniment to the neoliberal belief in the “invisible hand” of the free market as “the most efficient and just means for the distribution of resources and opportunity throughout the social order” ( Cassell