this implicit argument is that Sartre holds a distinctive theory regarding the nature of pre-reflective self-consciousness. Iterative Pre-reflection and Non-iterative Pre-reflection To state Sartre’s implicit argument for the non-self-identity of
Sartre’s Implicit Argument for the Non-Self-Identity of the Subject
The Design Mode of Interwar Engineering in Belgium
Greet De Block and Bruno De Meulder
This article traces the implicit spatial project of Belgian engineers during the interwar period. By analyzing infrastructure planning and its inscribed spatial ideas as well as examining the hybrid modernity advocated by engineers and politicians, this article contributes to both urban and transport history.
Unlike colleagues in countries such as Germany, Italy and the United States, Belgian engineers were not convinced that highways offered a salutary new order to a nation traumatized by the First World War. On the contrary, the Ponts et Chaussées asserted that this new limited access road would tear apart the densely populated areas and the diverse regional identities in Belgium. In their opinion, only an integration of existing and new infrastructure could harmonize the historically fragmented and urbanized territory. Tirelessly, engineers produced infrastructure plans, strategically interweaving different transport systems, which had to result in an overall transformation of the territory to facilitate modern production and export logics.
rhetorical and aesthetic techniques used by television to make emotive and ethical appeals to spectators differ in some important ways from those used by film. Iterative Ethics, Affect, and the Trolley Problem Plantinga likens stories to the trolley
Optics of regulation and control
Ieva Jusionyte and Daniel M. Goldstein
politics and practices of contemporary security regimes. As a prelude to the articles selected for this special section of Focaal , in what follows we attempt to disentangle the webs of in/visibility and in/security by tracing out their diverse iterations
Toward a Queer Sinofuturism
Ari Heinrich, Howard Chiang, and Ta-wei Chi
iterations and embodiments? What kinds of fabulous fabulations might emerge? One approach to questions like these might be to engage certain aspects of North American queer theory, which over the last fifteen years has challenged precisely the problem of
On Being In-Between in a Global Health Intervention
their adult carers living in target areas, with the aim being to gain an iterative perspective on the project as it was carried out ( Bohmer and Kirumbira 2000 ; Harrison 2008 ). Over the course of the intervention period (leaving out the focus
The Classical Union of Athletic and Intellectual Masculinities in Charles Reade's Hard Cash
Marc Milton Ducusin
Charles Reade's sensation novel Hard Cash (1863) ostensibly divides the qualities of athletic and intellectual prowess between its two main male characters, the Oxford rower Edward Dodd and the more academically inclined Alfred Hardie. Their contrasted pairing iterates the sensation genre's trope of doubled identities, while Reade's depiction of their respective aptitudes draws heavily on Classical ideals of male beauty and philosophical learning. Complicating the dichotomy, Alfred increasingly comes to embody the need for cohesion of body and intellect, thus illustrating Reade's vision of Oxford as a 'modern Athens' that 'cultivates muscle as well as mind.'
A Cultural Concept for Conditions of Being Far from Salvation
“Dancing mania” and “St. Vitus dance” were culturally formed illness concepts that enabled late medieval people in the Rhine area to act out states of liminality. The semiotics of these trace back to ancient Platonic cosmology, which had been transmitted into medieval theology by late antique Neoplatonism. In this article the iteration of these motifs especially through the early and high Middle Ages is scrutinized. When “dancing mania” emerged in the fourteenth century it was thus neither an early case of mass hysteria nor a particular form of religious deviance, as is still assumed frequently.
This article examines the enduring influence of Charles Dilke's Greater Britain (1868), which persists today in the ambitions of Brexit's proponents. Dilke characterized Britain as the center of a world system bound together by a common identity. Yet his explanation of that identity was riddled with inconsistencies. While he cast it mainly in racial terms, he also proposed cultural and linguistic criteria. These inconsistencies would complicate the efforts to define and delineate the reach of Greater Britain by those who followed in Dilke's footsteps. This includes the leading Brexiteers who have advanced Greater Britain's modern iteration, the Anglosphere, as an alternative to EU membership.
Shakespeare and the Canon
The literary canon is commonly thought of as ancient, accepted and agreed, and consistent between high and popular cultures. This article demonstrates the falsity of these assumptions, and argues that the canon is always provisional, contingent, iterable and overdetermined by multiple consequences of cultural struggle. Using definitions of canonicity from Harold Bloom, Frank Kermode and Pierre Bourdieu, the article shows how the canon is produced, consumed and reproduced. Picking up on Harold Bloom's use of a poem by Wallace Stevens, the article explores the impact of Arabic adaptations of Shakespeare on canon formation and canonicity.