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Book Reviews

Erica Morales, Alex Blower, Samantha White, Angelica Puzio, and Matthew Zbaracki

educational practitioners and researchers alike. Alex Blower University of Wolverhampton Agyepong, Tera Eva. 2018. The Criminalization of Black Children: Race, Gender, and Delinquency in Chicago's Juvenile Justice System, 1899–1945. Chapel Hill

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“I Was Considered a Throw Away Child”

The School-to-Prison Pipeline through the Eyes of Incarcerated Adolescent and Adult Males

Taryn VanderPyl, Kelsie Cruz, and Hannah McCauley

The concept of the school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) has been extensively studied over the last few decades, yet few have included the perspective of those whom it has affected—incarcerated adolescent and adult males. Educators and policy makers are limited in determining solutions because they are missing this key perspective. Using a critical race theory framework, we focus on the voices of incarcerated youth and adults who have personally experienced the STPP. Young men within the juvenile and adult justice systems were asked their thoughts on and experiences with the STPP. Responses from 16 participants are shared, along with what they believe would have worked to help them stay out of the system, and their recommendations for how to improve the factors contributing to the STPP

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Saving France's "lost Boys "

Vichy and the Reform of Juvenile Justice in France

Laura Lee Downs

In 1944, Léo Joannon's now-forgotten film Le Carrefour des enfants perdus opened in cinemas across France. The film (which starts in August 1940) recounts the struggle of impassioned journalist Jean Victor and a small group of friends to found a new kind of reform school without locks on the doors or bars on the windows, a vocational school for the professional training of delinquent youth whose methods were to be based on forging bonds of trust with the young offenders, rather than on their simple repression. Victor and his friends had all experienced firsthand the terrible bagnes d'enfants (children's penal colonies) of the Third Republic's pitiless juvenile justice system in their youth, and the story of the Carrefour (as their school was named) turns on the dedicated faith of these men in the abilities of children, even those deemed "guilty" in juvenile courts, to remake their own lives along healthier lines. Over the course of the film, the adventures of the Carrefour's 400 "enfants perdus" unfold inside an unexpected blend of progressive pedagogy (confidence in the children) and Vichy's fascistic elevation of the chef (organization of the school in hierarchically-ordered teams, run by older street toughs who are converted from caïdisme to the purer, if no less masculinist, ideology of the chef).

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“You're Being Watched All the Time:”

Incarcerated Girls and Gendered Surveillance

Sanna King and Jerry Flores

further explored, particularly in relation to the differences in how surveillance is experienced given their race or ethnicity and gender. This is true, in particular, for girls. Although there is increasing interest in girls in the juvenile justice

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Cultivating Educational Spaces that Support Black Girl's Spatial Inquiries

Katie Scott Newhouse

described the space she occupied in and around this program. Using DisCrit as a framework along with critical spatial theory illuminates a complex and messy space within the intersecting systems of education and juvenile justice. Using these theories

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Being a Girl Who Gets into Trouble

Narratives of Girlhood

Elaine Arnull

definitions challenged. Hearing the voices of girls in the juvenile justice system allows us to expand our understanding of girlhood and include constructions that transgress social norms . In 1996 Steffensmeier and Allan proposed a framework to account for

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The Bureaucratic Violence of Alternative Justice

Amanda J. Reinke

conflicts between students ( Hopkins 2002 ; McCluskey et al. 2008 ; Song and Swearer 2016 ). The reliance on these facilitators in lieu of SROs decreases the probability that youth with a high likelihood of entering the juvenile justice system will

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When You See Us, See Us

Black Girl Futurity and Liberation

Taryrn T.C. Brown

girls continue to be the fastest growing population in the juvenile justice system and are disproportionately represented in many steps throughout the continuum including referral and detention, we learn through HIC the strength in sites of resistance

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“Your Young Lesbian Sisters”

Queer Girls’ Voices in the Liberation Era

Amanda H. Littauer

make too much of what was likely a fleeting developmental phase while also encouraging intervention by psychiatrists (for white, middle-class youth) or juvenile justice authorities (for poor youth and youth of color) if romance or attraction became

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Telling Russia’s Herstory

Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild

, women do the majority of food-related work, and men are inept, threatened, and/or chauvinist in their relation to it. In the final essay, Natalia Sherstneva asks “Why Are Children’s Rights So Dangerous? Interpreting Juvenile Justice in the Light of