central questions about Shakespearean biblical intertextuality and translation and of the humanistic way in which Shakespeare presents kingship and legitimacy and represents politics in general. The parallelism between the source text (the Bible) and the
‘Our golden crown’
Analysis of Religious Intertextuality in Shakespeare's Richard II, and Its Translation into Spanish
Luis Javier Conejero-Magro
The Egalitarian King?
Abdullah Öcalan and His Evolving Role in the Kurdish Freedom Movement
separate out the ‘metaphysical’ aspects of the struggle in favor of a sober assessment of organizational schemes and material circumstances. Although this approach is undoubtedly valuable, my hope is that by bringing kingship into the study of the Kurdish
The goddess Kumari at the Supreme Court
Divine kinship and secularism in Nepal
In 2005 a human rights petition at the Supreme Court challenged the tradition of living goddesses called Kumaris and, in particular, that of the former royal Kumari, who lives a sequestered ritual life until puberty, and who used to bless and legitimate the king once a year. The case went on while Nepal overthrew its king and was declared a secular state in 2007. When the judgment was pronounced in 2008, the goddess was still at her post and now blessed the president. This court case is taken to illustrate the directions and form that Nepali secularism is taking. It reveals a distinctive form of secularism where the state is involved in supporting and reforming religion. The religious tradition here is seen as an asset for the state, worthy of preserving, provided it makes way for social reforms in tune with the times. Despite being reduced in court to a child capable of being deprived of her rights, the political power of the goddess remains intact and her role for the nation is recognized in the verdict; both human and divine, the Kumari has been acknowledged under the now secular legal regime.
Town-State Formations on the Edge of the Kalahari
Social-Cultura Dynamics of Centralization in Northern Tswana Kingdoms
While the people of pre-colonial and colonial societies in Africa often lived in scattered, sparse settlements, the people of the Northern Tswana kingdoms (present-day Botswana) were found in large towns with thousands of residents. This is puzzling in view of their location on the edge of the Kalahari, where such concentrations would normally be least expected. Moreover, while pastoralism is generally considered antithetical to the formation of densely settled populations, cattle have featured centrally in these kingdoms' political economy. Breaking away from ecological determinism, the author argues that the role played by cattle in these societies was mediated through social and political processes that favor both state formation and large, compact settlements. The article is particularly concerned with the centripetal forces vested in the cultural and symbolic wealth of Tswana royal towns.
"Blood Will Have Blood"
A Study in Indian Political Ritual
This article considers the significance of the incorporation of blood donation as a widespread feature of commemorative political rituals in India. It places the rituals in the context of the current campaign in India to replace paid with non-remunerated donation, and explains how this campaign has led to the circulation of a store of ethical capital that the ritual organizers endeavor—through these blood-shedding commemorations—to capture for political ends. It is argued that there is nothing purely political about memorial blood donation—that its performance relies upon certain established religious themes in order to achieve political efficacy, and that this works both ways. The article highlights the role of blood donation in facilitating bodily transactions across and between different temporal locations, and finishes with a case study that demonstrates the risk involved in these rituals of remembrance.
Buddhism, the Asokan Persona, and the Galactic Polity
Rethinking Sri Lanka's Constitutional Present
Roshan de Silva Wijeyeratne
Sri Lanka's civil war between the majority Sinhalese and the minority Tamil communities has now raged for nearly half a century. The Sri Lankan cum Sinhalese Buddhist state has since independence resisted all significant attempts by the Tamil political leadership at power sharing. Most constitutional lawyers and progressive Sri Lankan opinion (Sinhalese, Tamil, Muslim, Burgher, etc.) hold that short of a separate state, administrative power should be devolved in the form of a federal state, so as to give autonomy to the northeast of Sri Lanka, while the forces of Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism have sought to justify the centralized state by recourse to the history of Buddhism and the Sinhalese on the island. Such arguments have drawn on the ontological potential of the cosmic order of Sinhalese Buddhism, which is fundamentally hierarchical in intent. Here I argue that the diffused nature of this cosmic order provides the ontological grounding for a decentralized state structure that can accommodate ethnic difference in a non-hierarchical relation. Thus, the legacy of Sinhalese Buddhism can be rescued from the forces of Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism.
Hindu kingship and polity in precolonial India (Cambridge Studies in Indian History and Society) by Peabody, Norbert
DAVID N. GELLNER
Revisiting French Foundational Republicanism from a Non-teleological Approach
Pablo Facundo Escalante
, kingship itself was not subject to contestation. “It is impossible to think that someone in the [National Constituent] Assembly conceived the ridiculous project of turning the kingdom into a republic. Nobody ignores that the republican government is barely
Stroeken, Koen 2018. Medicinal rule: a historical anthropology of kingship in east and central Africa. Series: Methodology and history in anthropology, volume 35. New York: Berghahn Books. 316 pp. Hb.: US$130.00. ISBN: 978 1 78533 984 4.
Jan De Wolf
The Last Roman King
eminently suited for the acclamation of an aspiring Renaissance princeps . Particularly those princeps who preferred the idea of ruling in a more absolute capacity. Such as James Stuart, whose idea of kingship had been templated in his treatise The