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On Halbwachs's Sociology of Knowledge Program

The Two Hidden Categories of ‘La doctrine d'Émile Durkheim’

Jean-Christophe Marcel

articulation between religious sociology and the sociology of knowledge in line with what Durkheim presents in the conclusion of The Elementary Form . In a letter to Mauss on 24 June 1924 , Halbwachs stated that he linked Les Cadres sociaux de la mémoire to

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Hannah Swee

“locals,” form their knowledge of cyclones. For these locals, their cyclone knowledge consists of many factors that include both information from disaster management as well as personal experiences and observations. Thus, in my discussion I draw on David

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Zuzana Hrdličková

knowledge (compare Falk and Balling 1982 ; Knapp 2000 ; Orion and Hofstein 1994 ). But field trips go far beyond the scope of education. Numerous state and non-state institutions around the world, regardless of the country or culture they operate in, use

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Expert and Lay Knowledge in Pacoima

Public Anthropology and an Essential Tension in Community-based Participatory Action Research

Carl A. Maida

This paper explores the role of 'public anthropology' in the dialogue between practitioners of professional and lay knowledge about urban quality of life. The focus is on community building in Pacoima, a working-class Latino community in Los Angeles, and explores how professionals and residents established an arena and moved towards common ground on environmental health issues, including lead and other toxic exposures. Similar to Pacoima, arenas have emerged in the more engaged communities, worldwide, where quality of life issues, such as health care, housing and the environment, are debated. Within these arenas, experts and laypersons have resolved disputes over competing claims about the definition of an issue, and for equity and greater access to common resources, or public goods, despite vast disparities in knowledge and perspectives that have been shaped by divergent occupational techniques, habits of mind and world images.

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John Eade

This article focuses primarily on the role of the camera in representing the famous, much visited Roman Catholic shrine of Lourdes, France, and what this role tells us about the relationship between gazing, knowledge, and the body. After outlining the historical development of the shrine, the discussion proceeds to consider the growth of popular media and the cinematic gaze, the expansion of tourism, debates concerning the morality of gazing at bodies as personal cameras and smartphones becoming increasingly available and used at the shrine, the representation of human and saintly bodies, and the part played by the camera in the attempt to ensure security.

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Jackie Feldman

Two themes that surface in the articles in this collection are: Visual knowledge and the means of acquiring it—the ability of pilgrims to see and read signs while overlooking or avoiding other sources of knowledge that are visible or readily available; and the issue of authority: who propagates and gains from the teaching, images, and practices of pilgrimage? The articles demonstrate that distance from pilgrimage sites and ignorance of local knowledge is important in intensifying pilgrims’ experience and maintaining the power of traditional authorities. While some shrines readily adopt new technologies to diffuse their messages, activities and images, pilgrimages continue to rely on embodiment and sociality to solidify communities and commitments. The variety of engagements of pilgrimages with changing media and emerging historical realities testifies to the viability of the forms and practices of pilgrimage in transmitting other kinds of knowledge.

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Dis-orienting Western Knowledge

Coloniality, Curriculum and Crisis

Zeus Leonardo

knowledge project as a way to domesticate a people, control their history and distort their representation through canons of knowledge. In short, to know a people is to exercise authority over them, affecting their historical trajectory and social destiny

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Knowledge, Travel, and Embodied Thought

Restlessness in Herder’s Journal of My Voyage in the Year 1769

John K. Noyes

number of implicit assumptions about mobility and knowledge that he seems to have adopted from Herder. Haym repeats Herder’s concern that his tasks and duties are stifling his thought processes, and that travel presents him with a way out of this. He

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Florian Krobb and Dorit Müller

The Emergence of Scientific Travel Since the early modern era, travel and knowledge have existed in a reciprocally enhancing relationship, as the field of Travel Writing Studies has shown. 1 When there was no other well-defined pragmatic aim behind

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Girls’ Work in a Rural Intercultural Setting

Formative Experiences and Identity in Peasant Childhood

Ana Padawer

experience in which class, age, gender, and ethnic distinctions define certain tasks as girls’ peasant skills. Using data from participant observations made on three farms, I will show how girls play an active role in the appropriation of knowledge through