This chapter analyzes some of the major labor reforms implemented by the Renzi government in 2015 in relation to youth employment, with reference to the Jobs Act. The strategy pursued by the executive has been to concentrate on combating the segmentation of the labor market by liberalizing individual and collective dismissals and by introducing a new type of contract, which offers a generous incentive for new permanent hires. The main goal of this strategy is to decrease the divisions between insiders and outsiders in the hope that this measure will encourage employers to stabilize workers, especially the younger ones, and invest in the development of human capital. Such a strategy, however, rests on weak foundations, which might call into question its effectiveness and with it the stability of Renzi’s leadership.
Georg Picot and Arianna Tassinari
Reform of the labor market has long been an important and controversial policy area in Italy, and it was one of Matteo Renzi's core concerns when he took up the leadership of the Democratic Party. This chapter recounts the main changes in Italian labor market policy since the 1990s before discussing the Jobs Act, which started as a highly publicized reform project concentrating on changes to public employment services and unemployment benefits, but which the left strongly challenged when dismissal protection was later weakened.
, is on the question of bullying in Taiwanese schools. The second article, by Rolf Dieter Hepp, considers increasing precarity due to Western capitalistic oriented labor market policies concerning the daily circumstances of people at the societal level
The Potential for Shaming and Dignity Building through Delivery Interactions
Erika Gubrium and Sony Pellissery
. Kaufmann , F. 2012 . European Foundations of the Welfare State . New York : Berghahn Books . Kluve , J. 2006 . The Effectiveness of European Active Labor Market Policy . RWI Discussion Paper No. 37 . Essen : Ruhr Economic Papers . https
Tracing Rights, Discretion, and Negotiation within a Norwegian Labor Activation Program
Erika Gubrium, Leah Johnstone and Ivar Lødemel
og arbeidsmarkedspolitikken [Work toward the employer: Integration of inclusion policy and labor market policy]?” In Andreassen and Fossestøl 2011 , 85 – 105 . Anttonen , A. , L. Häikiö , and K. Stefánsson . 2012 . Welfare State
Regaining Political Economy
existing ambiguity of the present argument. While the importance of labor (market) policies is emphasized, it is also stressed that we urgently need a redefinition of labor. The social quality approach allows the inclusion of a wider understanding of wealth
The Broader Social Context
workers ( Benjamin et al. 2010 ; Haberfeld 1995 ; Mishori and Maor 2012 ; Nisim and Benjamin 2010 ). The second involves the changing political collective and its implications for labor, examining links between labor market policies and (national