The hand of the diligent will rule, while the slothful will be put to forced labor . Proverbs 12:24. In turn-of-the-century Quito, the expanding middle-class was witness to the spectacle of a pulsating modernity, quickly unfolding in the newly paved
Mobile Cultures between the Andes and the Amazon around 1900
Jaime Moreno Tejada
This article examines the development of popular discourses of liberty as independence emerging from the struggles between peasants and landlords over the course of the late medieval and early modern periods. This discourse, relating to the aspirations of the dependent peasantry for free status, free tenure, and free labor, articulated a conception of independence that overlapped with the emerging republican discourse of the seventeenth century. However, whereas republicanism focuses almost exclusively on the arbitrary powers of the monarchical state, the popular tradition emphasizes freedom from the arbitrary powers of landlordism. After a brief introduction to the republican conception of liberty and a discussion of the dependent peasantry in England, the work of Gerrard Winstanley is presented as an innovative synthesis of popular and republican discourses of freedom as independence from the arbitrary powers of exploitation.
A Model Reconsidered
As scholars and policymakers debate how to combine social inclusion with competitiveness under twenty-first-century economic conditions, the German model of labor relations is again attracting significant attention. Yet, assessments of its health
Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso–Côte d’Ivoire Transnational Space
many depend on the opportunities for seasonal and more permanent forms of labor migration to Côte d’Ivoire. Following the descent into armed conflict in Côte d’Ivoire in the early 2000s, when the failed coup d’état of the northern Forces Nouvelles
The Conversion of Land and Labor in Bali’s Recent History
, rural work migrant, Jimbaran Bay In Bali, a small Indonesian island, the tourism industry has been encouraged by the state as a means to grow the economy, make links with global capital, and create new labor markets—thus, as a means to achieve
Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand
Steve Kwok-Leung Chan
Labor migration is no longer a single-directional flow from developing states to developed states. South–South labor migration has become a common phenomenon during the post–industrial era. In Southeast Asia, Myanmar is a quintessential labor
On false binaries in Hardt and Negri's trilogy
At the core of Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri's thesis that a new global form of sovereignty has replaced a previous imperialist geography is their claim that the capitalist mode of production has undergone a shift from a modern era in which “industrial labor“ was hegemonic to a postmodern era in which “immaterial labor“ has become hegemonic. In this article, I argue that capitalism in Europe (let alone other areas of the world) does not conform to this model. I draw on the history of Italian manufacturing and on my ethnographic research on the silk industry of northern Italy to question the analytic usefulness of their distinction between “industrial“ and “immaterial“ labor and to show that the latter has always been crucial to industrial production. I conclude that Hardt and Negri's attempt to expand the definition of productive labor to include the “multitude“ unwittingly parallels an emerging discourse that serves to legitimate transnational hierarchies of labor.
Racial Politics of Mobility and Excretion among BC-Based Long Haul Truckers
industry provide interpretive frameworks that shape “what can be known, thought, and said” by drivers, they profoundly influence truckers’ interpretive experiences, workplace encounters, and labor practices. 4 In this article, I interrogate narrative
A Cross-National Panel Analysis of Unionization and Carbon Dioxide Emissions
Camila Huerta Alvarez, Julius Alexander McGee and Richard York
In this article, we assess whether unionization of national workforces influences growth in national carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per capita. Political-economic theories in environmental sociology propose that labor unions have the potential to affect environmental conditions. Yet, few studies have quantitatively assessed the influence of unionization on environmental outcomes using cross-national data. We estimate multilevel regression models using data on OECD member nations from 1970 to 2014. Results from our analysis indicate that unionization, measured as the percentage of workers who are union members, is negatively associated with CO2 emissions per capita, even when controlling for labor conditions. This finding suggests that unionization may promote environmental protection at the national level.
Brick factory work in postconflict Kailali, western Nepal
This article examines changing labor regimes in the wake of the Nepalese Maoist revolution through a historical and ethnographic exploration of brick factory in the Kailali district, western Nepal. I argue that the Maoist rebellion has helped to produce a new young, mobile, and urbanizing working class that in the new political context feels increasingly secure in claiming new spaces for its own emerging pleasure, pastimes, and sociality vis-à-vis existing hierarchies and customs. I further show that there is a broad base for solidarities among more and less skilled people within this proletariat, though such solidarity does not yet seem to reach beyond “ethnic” and linguistic boundaries. Highlighting these facets of the transformation of everyday labor regimes in a sociopolitical context that is in a high state of flux and change, the article looks into the consequences of the Maoist revolution in the working lives of ordinary people.