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Militias as Law Enforcement in Eastern Indonesia?

Jeremy J. Kingsley

This article demonstrates how an integral element of the fabric of governance on the eastern Indonesian island of Lombok, and many other parts of the Indonesian archipelago, are non-state local security arrangements, such as night watches and militias. These groups play a significant role in the local infrastructure of security and law enforcement. Consequently, this article challenges a common assumption by legal scholars, and many other observers of Indonesia, that state-based institutions such as the police are the exclusive, and only legitimate, mode of law enforcement in Indonesia. Through an ethnographic engagement with the idea of law enforcement on Lombok, I seek to broaden these assumptions about legitimate modes of statecraft. These non-state entities fill a void in the Indonesian law enforcement architecture that the state is unable or unwilling to fulfil (or potentially finds it more practical to delegate to local non-state institutions).

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Policing the French Empire

Colonial Law Enforcement and the Search for Racial-Territorial Hegemony

Samuel Kalman

concomitant security/surveillance until successfully decolonizing their territories. 4 As a result of these truisms, there has been a tremendous increase in the past two decades in the history of colonial law enforcement and justice, as scholars attempt to

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Terms of Silence

Weaknesses in Corporate and Law Enforcement Responses to Cyberviolence against Girls

Suzanne Dunn, Julie S. Lalonde, and Jane Bailey

approaches taken by law enforcement and social media companies and argue that these institutions are failing to develop adequate strategies to remove systemic barriers and provide adequate responses for girls targeted by online attacks. As Sarah Heath (2015

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Building Walls, Destroying Borderlands

Repertoires of Militarization on the United States–Mexico Border

Jennifer G. Correa and Joseph M. Simpson

the border patrol, military, and law enforcement (United States Border Patrol 1994). After 9/11, border security was amplified even further with the passage of the Real ID Act of 2005 (which grants the Secretary of Homeland Security unprecedented

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Undocumented People (En)Counter Border Policing

Near and Far from the US Border

Denise Brennan

people confront state surveillance and criminalization with tactics to live undetected. At the same time that they avoid the attention of law enforcement, undocumented people, however, are far from hiding. Under assault, they try to live apart from the

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The Insecure Migrant

Honduran Migration to New Orleans and the Rationalization of Risk

Deniz Daser

, gangs, traffickers, or law enforcement—from the clandestine journey northward to settlement in New Orleans structure how undocumented individuals assess ongoing, quotidian equations of risk versus reward. The migrants I spoke with rationalized a range of

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The Shades of a Shadow

Crime as the Dark Projection of Authority in Early Modern England

Maurizio Ascari

as such, but also to law enforcement, which means the organized apparatus that presides over the detection and punishment of criminals. Discourses of crime will intertwine in this analysis with discourses of surveillance in an attempt to explore the

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Protesting in Pandemic Times

COVID-19, Public Health, and Black Lives Matter

Binoy Kampmark

-six-year-old who perished in Long Bay prison in 2015, had also died at the hands of law enforcement. It was said that Dungay had also repeated, at least words to the same effect, and futility, of Floyd: “I can't breathe” ( Foster 2020 ). The Australian example is

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Twenty-Four Ways to Have Sex within the Law

Regulation and Moral Subjectivity in the Japanese Sex Industry

Gabriele Koch

specified forms of male-centered desire and sexual gratification. Second, the efforts of cisheteronormative sex industry businesses to navigate the actual conditions of the law's enforcement have made intercourse a distinctive site of concern for many sex

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Screening Indigenous Bodies

Brian Bergen-Aurand

America without the full intervention of law enforcement and other local authorities. As Rosalie Fish said in an interview regarding her activism on missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls (MMIWG), I felt a little heavy at first just wearing