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The Anthropology of Literature in France

Birth and Becoming of a New Field of Studies

Laurent Sebastian Fournier and Jean-Marie Privat

In this article we present the ongoing theoretical discussions concerning the relations between anthropology and literature in France. We recall the historical relationship of a part of French anthropology and the world of literature. We then try to show how the anthropology of literature began by using the model of the anthropology of art, mainly concentrating on literary works as individual creations specific to the style or the cosmology of a given writer. We explore a new perspective on the analysis of the social and symbolic meanings of literary worlds, putting the emphasis on what is called ‘ethnocriticism’ in France. In order to understand better the influence of literature and literary motives on contemporary cultural practices, and to grasp the relation of literary works with the outside world and with everyday life, we propose to build up a comparative approach of literary works and rituals. Through different novels or other literary works, we address possible developments of contemporary anthropologies of literature in France.

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The Role of Anthropological Literature in Contemporary Shamanic Practices

Elina Hytönen-Ng

Anthropology and anthropological literature have had an irreversible effect on the practice of contemporary shamanism. In this small-scale study, I look at the complex ways the literature has been recorded, initiated interest, revived and verified the shamanic practices. Over the years, anthropologists have also caused distortions in revived practices as they have left some things unrecorded. On the basis of written responses and interviews from shamanic practitioners and active drumming-group members, I demonstrate that the argument of neo-shamanism as the only form of shamanism still alive is not completely true. Attention is drawn also to the claim about the cycle of learning in contemporary shamanism. My argument is that the main part of learning in the deeper levels of shamanic practices still happens in face-to-face situations.

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Beyond (Hyper)Masculinity

Images of Boyhood in Croatian Young Adult Novels in English Translation

Marija Todorova

Imagological research, especially in comparative literature, has produced many important studies of national identity and stereotypes. In their foundational survey of imagology, Beller and Leerssen (2007) include a catalogue of the images of

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Sartre’s Literary Phenomenology

Andrew Inkpin

It is widely held that philosophy and literature are closely connected in Sartre, a view naturally suggested by the breadth of his writings and the prevalence of philosophical themes in his literary writing. The precise relation between the two

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The Future of the Human Sciences

Ivan Jablonka

Translator : Nathan Bracher

pervading academia. Generally speaking, it is possible to rethink the cartography of writing. The globe has traditionally been divided between two continents: inventive, entertaining literature, land of liberty and imagination, realm of the “fictional”; the

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Introduction

Writing History and the Social Sciences with Ivan Jablonka

Nathan Bracher

the divide between literature, commonly presumed to be the exclusive domain of pleasure and aesthetics, and the social sciences, supposedly restricted to the most sober, “objective” narrative mode, off-limits to flights of creativity and imagination

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‘… But Is It Literature?’

Graphic Adaptation in Germany in the Context of High and Popular Culture

Juliane Blank

establishing a connection between classic literature and comics as a medium of popular culture, graphic adaptations contribute to overcoming the borders between ‘high and low’. Recent examples even tend to reflect ironically on the persistence of these borders

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Philosophical Fiction as World Literature

Jean-Paul Sartre's Nausea

Aaron Castroverde

roman , but also Godard and the nouvelle vague of French cinema). Yet, Sartre's presence in the canon will present a problem for our understanding of French literature as such: as a national literature, it has its own internal spatio-temporal coherence

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Place Making in Transit

Literary Interventions at the Airport and in the Underground

Emma Eldelin and Andreas Nyblom

associated with private, domestic spaces. 17 In contemporary literature, a growing interest can be observed among writers as well as other agents in connecting literature and the act of writing to spaces of transit and transport. On the one hand, writers

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Literature and the Brain

Kay Young

Review of Norman Holland, LITERATURE AND THE BRAIN