environmental resources ( Arnold and Hewison 2005 ; Schrage and Ewing 2005 ; Wick 2009 ). We discuss this, as well as how corporate social responsibility may open up new political spaces in this situation for local communities consisting of those who have
Zoe Bray and Christian Thauer
Marja Spierenburg, Conrad Steenkamp, and Harry Wels
The Great Limpopo is one of the largest Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) in the world, encompassing vast areas in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique. The TFCA concept is embraced by practically all (international) conservation agencies. The rationale for the support is that the boundaries of ecosystems generally do not overlap with those of the nation-state. Their protection requires transnational cooperation. By arguing that local communities living in or close to TFCAs will participate and benefit economically, TFCA proponents claim social legitimacy for the project. However, analysis shows that communities first have to live up to rigid standards and requirements set by the international conservation authorities, before they are considered ‘fit’ to participate. Communities attempt to resist this type of marginalization by forming alliances with (inter)national development and human rights NGOs, with mixed results.
Spaces for Transdisciplinary Dialogues on the Relationship between Local Communities and Their Environment
The Case of a Rural Community in the Calchaquí Valley (Salta, Argentina)
Marta Crivos, María Rosa Martínez, Laura Teves, and Carolina Remorini
interests within a local community. However, it is within this process that people who participate in the community of practice learn from each other and are able to collaborate. In this sense, our work offers an experience of knowledge management about
2014 ). The author pointed out that any attempt to define or essentialize a group is problematic in its reductionism. I focus on the local museum's representations of the Evenkis, local community, and the state, and contrast several unique others
Organized Hypocrisy, Solidarity, and Mounting Protest
Tiziana Caponio and Teresa Cappiali
In 2016, migration issues in Italy became synonymous with the “refugee crisis.” Dramatic images of boat people, rescues, and the deaths of thousands of people in the Mediterranean Sea have catalyzed public attention. Examining the Italian government’s responses, we argue that the “refugee crisis” is the result of an “organized hypocrisy” aimed at containing, rather than managing, the crisis and at gaining access to international protection. Structuring the immigrant reception system on the opposition between humanitarian and economic migrants, Italian policies struggle to offer adequate responses to current mixed flows. Furthermore, this system often has a negative impact on local communities, where we find diversified responses that range from solidarity to opposition and, more recently, the emergence of a “reception market.” Additionally, our analysis suggests that the dysfunctional nature of the Italian reception system, combined with alarmist attitudes promulgated by the media, amplifies discomfort and contributes to an increase in public hostility toward immigrants.
Eleanor Sterling, Tamara Ticktin, Tē Kipa Kepa Morgan, Georgina Cullman, Diana Alvira, Pelika Andrade, Nadia Bergamini, Erin Betley, Kate Burrows, Sophie Caillon, Joachim Claudet, Rachel Dacks, Pablo Eyzaguirre, Chris Filardi, Nadav Gazit, Christian Giardina, Stacy Jupiter, Kealohanuiopuna Kinney, Joe McCarter, Manuel Mejia, Kanoe Morishige, Jennifer Newell, Lihla Noori, John Parks, Pua’ala Pascua, Ashwin Ravikumar, Jamie Tanguay, Amanda Sigouin, Tina Stege, Mark Stege, and Alaka Wali
Indigenous and other place-based, local communities increasingly face an assortment of externally codified development and sustainability goals, regional commitments, and national policies and actions that are designed, in part, to foster adaptation
The zoo is in many respects a place of remembrance. In zoos, one is reminded of one's own childhood, outstanding human and animal figures, various human cultures past and present, the genetic heritage of natural evolution and the origins of humans. Zoo animals, therefore, cannot be readily associated with wildlife in its natural setting alone. Indeed, zoos are not only about animals, as they purport to be; they are also metaphorical places and about memory. Memories are always socially conditioned and never innocent; the same holds for zoos. I ask whether zoos without colonialist and imperialist undertones are even conceivable today and if human communities could be involved in zoo management to a larger extent.
Health Promotion Messages and Local Meanings in Guinea
Maria Cristina Manca
promoter with an anthropological background, my core methodology for establishing a framework in which to work was to participate in local community life and understand people’s thoughts and perceptions surrounding Ebola ( Hewlett and Amola 2003 ; Epelboin
Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert
-modern rescaling of cultural interaction, it may downplay the complexity of the cultural trajectories, which local communities of humans and nonhumans alike co-constructed for the benefit of a multi-scalar geography of de-territorialized cultural development. T. N
Stemming the Flows of Migrants, but at What Cost?
impact of such policies on host communities in transit countries, but also illustrates the significance of a multilevel approach to migration governance that fully takes into consideration the role and situation of local communities and local authorities