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Communities of Practice at the Cidade do Saber

Plural Citizenship and Social Inclusion in Brazil

Carla Guerrón Montero

filling this gap, this article addresses both the accomplishments and limitations of communities of practice formed organically in the largest educational project of social inclusion, local participation and citizenship in the state of Bahia, the Cidade

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No longer strong social cohesion

Lessons from two transboundary water conflicts in the Mexicali Valley, México

Alfonso Andrés Cortez-Lara

English abstract: This work examines the role of local stakeholders in managing transboundary and irrigation water in the Mexicali Valley. The analysis focuses on the impacts of institutions as they relate to two transboundary water conflicts, the salinity problem, and the All-American Canal lining divergence. The views of farmers and water managers show that farmers have lost social cohesion and economic and political power during the period in between these two episodes, which in turn reduced their role and influence in water management issues. During the salinity problem, unified and strong leadership and widespread participation were credited with influencing beneficial outcomes. On the other hand, the existence of opposing views regarding the All-American Canal lining conflict and weak leadership seem responsible for ineffective participation in solutions. The research illuminates the complexities of water management in transboundary settings and the role that local actors may play in increasing cooperation and regional integration.

Spanish abstract: Este artículo revisa el papel de los actores locales en la gestión y manejo de recursos hídricos transfronterizos y el riego en el Valle de Mexicali. El análisis enfatiza los impactos de los arreglos institucionales relacionados con dos conflictos por aguas transfronterizas, el problema de la salinidad del río Colorado y el revestimiento del Canal Todo Americano. Las percepciones de los agricultores y los gestores del agua indican que los agricultores han ido perdiendo cohesión social y poder económico y político lo cual ha reducido su papel e influencia en aspectos relacionados a la gestión de aguas transfronterizas. Durante el episodio de la salinidad, fue notoria la unificación y fortaleza de liderazgos que indujeron una significativa participación social. En contraste, la prevalencia de opiniones diversas respecto al conflicto del revestimiento conjugado con el frágil liderazgo redundó en una inefectividad de los usuarios para lograr impactos positivos. El artículo muestra la complejidad de la gestión transfronteriza del agua así como el papel clave que los actores locales pudieran tener para alcanzar la cooperación e integración regional.

French abstract: Ce travail examine le rôle des acteurs locaux dans la gestion des eaux transfrontalières et d'irrigation dans la Vallée de Mexicali. Ce e analyse se concentre sur l'impact des institutions dans la mesure où elles ont pris part à deux conflits sur l'eau, et traitent du problème de la salinité et des divergences sur le tracé du canal All-American. Les opinions des fermiers et des gestionnaires de l'eau révèlent que les fermiers ont perdu toute cohésion sociale ainsi que tout pouvoir politique et économique durant la période entre ces deux épisodes. Il en a résulté qu'ils ont de fait perdu leur rôle et leur influence dans les domaines de la gestion de l'eau. Au cours du problème de salinité, un leadership unifié et fort et une vaste participation ont été récompensés par d'excellents résultats. Mais de l'autre côté, l'existence de vues opposées dans le cadre du conflit sur le tracé du Canal All-American ainsi qu'un pauvre leadership ont vraisemblablement entraîné une participation inefficace lors de la recherche de solutions. Ce e étude met en lumière les complexités de la gestion de l'eau dans des cadres transnationaux, et le rôle que peuvent jouer les acteurs locaux dans l'augmentation de la coopération et de l'intégration régionale.

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Carl A. Maida and Sam Beck

among state, culture and politics in the context of the largest educational project of social inclusion, local participation and citizenship in the Municipality of Camaçari, state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil, in a community of practice where

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Translating the Bottom-Up Frame

Everyday Negotiations of the European Union's Rural Development Programme LEADER in Germany

Oliver Müller, Ove Sutter, and Sina Wohlgemuth

projects and promotes the LEADER process to civil society at large. In theory, civil society actors should take a leading role in decision making; in practice, however, critics argue that ‘the promotion of local participation in rural development by the

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Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Juliano Fiori

-2000s, as a number of initiatives promoted greater local participation in humanitarian operations. But, of course, there are different ideas about what localization should entail. As localization has climbed the humanitarian policy agenda, the

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Andrea Butcher

to recognise that they [the villagers] should be the agents of their own development (MLP Coach, Interview Transcript, 20 January 2010). NGO ideology stipulates that local participation and ownership are essential if the projects are to be successful

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Adopting a Resistance Lens

An Exploration of Power and Legitimacy in Transitional Justice

Julie Bernath and Sandra Rubli

reflections on how to improve the efficiency of transitional justice institutions (cf. Palmer, Clark, and Granville 2012 ). Legitimacy is then often equated with local ownership or local participation as well as respect for international standards ( Rubli

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Jeremy F. Walton and Piro Rexhepi

assist in the reconstruction of Islamic sites. Although the head of the BIK at the time, Rexhep Boja, was appointed to the Kosovo Transitional Council established by the UN administration in 1999, his membership was largely ceremonial, a form of local

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Speaking Back, Striking Back

Calls for Local Agency and Good Fieldwork in Development Encounters

Eugenie Reidy

power) is constructed. For anthropology, development accelerates vital debates of local participation and agency and makes room for more collaborative knowledge production. For those on the receiving end of either, such partnerships could help facilitate

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Pedagogy in Action

Rethinking Ethnographic Training and Practice in Action Anthropology

Mark K. Watson

-determination in research displaces the ethnographer's role from the centre of knowledge production and instead emphasises the importance of local participation and its mobilisation to effect change. From an anthropological perspective, the aim of transforming a