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Constructing Difference and Imperial Strategy

Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)

Maggy Hary

’s troops had conquered Jerusalem from the Ottomans in December 1917, Britain was officially awarded a League of Nations mandate over Palestine. 1 British actions in Palestine were subsequently guided by contradictory promises, originally contained in the

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Comments on Assaf Likhovski's: Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine

Christopher Tomlins

In order to discuss a book that parses the relationship of law and identity during the period of the British Mandate in Palestine requires that I first give my own background. I am neither a scholar of the Mandate nor a lawyer, but rather a historian of law interested in processes of colonizing. Fortunately, Assaf Likhovski’s scholarly and narrative skills minimize any shortcomings in these credentials. Specialists on the Mandate will profit from this book, but so will historians at large. And in my case, the history of colonizing does afford a measure for the success of Likhovski’s interpretive emphasis upon the relationship of law and identity, given his ambition to use it to undercut ‘Manichaean’ dichotomies that situate law starkly in relations between colonizer and colonized, between the powerful and the powerless.

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Comments on Assaf Likhovski's: Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine

Michael Stanislawski

Assaf Likhovski’s Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine is an excellent and most welcome study of legal thought and judicial practice in inter-war Palestine as they intersected with, and were defined by, colonial and nationalist ideologies. What marks Likhovski’s volume as especially timely and important is that it analyzes all three major communities of Mandatory Palestine—the British, the Jews, and the Arabs—and does not fall into the usual trap of setting up a binary opposition between one of these communities and the other two. Thus, at one and the same time, Likhovski rejects the conventional Zionist historiographical approach that views the Jews of the Yishuv as facing a combined enemy of the Arabs and the British. And unlike much ‘post-Zionist’ and Palestinian historiography, he equally rejects a starting point that pits the Arabs against a different combined enemy: the Jews and the British.

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Educational Background and Elite Composition: Jewish Political Leadership during the British Mandate

Taysir Nashif

This article identifies a series of educational characteristics, such as place and level of education attained by individuals, their fields of specialization, and the knowledge of languages. The focus is on members of the Jewish Agency for Palestine—a leading organization of the Yishuv—during the British Mandate (1921-1948). Elite educational variables were potentially significant in a number of different ways: ensuring greater political effectiveness, establishing and promoting stronger ties with the people among whom elite members lived, articulating and communicating of political messages, and so on. This article claims that educational traits have been significant in facilitating the eventual realization of the Zionist project.

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Remaking the Mosaic

Religious Leaders and Secular Borders in the Colonial Levant

Alexander D. M. Henley

The colonial view of Levantine society as a mosaic of religions established lasting precedents for communal self-governance and power sharing in modern states. Yet it ironically disguises the extent to which the region's religious geography was reimagined by colonial rule. Principles of religious freedom and minority rights combined with a perception of 'oriental religions' to create a unique and powerful place for religious leaders to govern. The borders that would define national societies in Palestine-Israel, Lebanon, and Syria also remade the boundaries by which the religious mosaic was structured. This article will highlight institutional change in the Maronite Christian and Sunni Muslim communities, showing how each reformulated its religious leadership in response to the creation and enforcement of Lebanon's borders with Palestine and Syria from 1920 to 1948. The 'traditional' religious leaderships of today are in no small part products of the same colonial 'lines in the sand' within which nations were formed.

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Comments on Assaf Likhovski's: Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine

Bernhard Wasserstein

Dr. Likhovski’s book is a formidable achievement that has relevance for the development of Israeli law, for students of comparative legal systems, particularly colonial ones, for the history of Zionist ideology, and for conceptualizers of legal anthropology. I shall focus on only a few aspects of his work from the standpoint of a political historian of Mandatory Palestine.

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Investing in Early Crisis Relief or Reelection?

Comparing German Party Responses to the Euro Crisis

Alexandra Hennessy

resolution mechanisms is not always the main concern of reelection-seeking politicians. I propose instead that officials may have incentives to deliberately withhold or delay emergency measures in an effort to win a mandate for more comprehensive policy

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A Nexus of Sensationalism and Politics

Doar Ha-Yom and the 1929 Western Wall Crisis

Ouzi Elyada

. On 19 July 1929, Jabotinsky left Mandate Palestine to participate in the discussions of the Zionist Congress. Before doing so, he deputized Shlomo Gepstein to run Doar Ha-Yom. De facto control of the paper, however, went to Abba Ahimeir and Yehoshua

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Do No Harm

From Which (Or Whose) Sides Must We Speak?

Narmala Halstead

: a mandate emerges to attend to spaces which presage this furore. The discipline is being ‘re-tasked’ robustly with its own huge remit to avoid damage in the studies of all peoples. This is extended to detrimental spaces that are revealed in academia

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Reaching ‘the Vulnerable’ by Working from the Heart?

Community Case Workers in Zimbabwe

Saana Hansen

are state-mandated, non-salaried volunteers who are expected to reach the most vulnerable community members in the wards where they live and refer them to the District Social Welfare Department for possible further state and nongovernmental