Epistemic beliefs are individuals’ beliefs about knowledge and knowing. Research assumes that epistemic messages embedded in learning materials shape learners’ beliefs. In order to provide information about these epistemic messages, this article analyzes 4,169 accounting exercises and 1,265 marketing exercises found in training textbooks for retailers, wholesalers, bank assistants, and industrial business management assistants. A latent class analysis identifies four types of exercises. The findings indicate that most epistemic messages emphasize knowledge that consists of stable, interconnected elements that are not useful for professional situations. Knowledge is transmitted by an authority and does not need to be justified. This article provides ideas on the basis of which exercises in textbooks may be revised.
Florian Berding and Ilka Lau
The appeal of pyramid schemes in rural Siberia
legal advice, or they were selling products, claiming to be multilevel marketing companies. What they really offered, however, was the opportunity to earn quick money by recruiting further participants who all had to make considerable investments to join
Marching, Marketing and the Emergence of Gay Identities in Istanbul
The emergence of gay identities in Istanbul is often regarded as a practical result of mobilisation by minority sexual rights NGOs. Indeed, Istanbul Pride emerged in the early 2000s as a widely-referenced exemplar of the political promise of street-level activism in Turkey. Tracing how gay initially was used in the nightlife market around İstiklal Street and reconstructing the early history of agitation for an annual Pride march, I argue that street traders and small-scale entrepreneurs, not street-level campaigners, have played the critical role in prising open spaces where men could come to identify themselves and be identified as gay. Moreover, spaces afforded by particular fixed-place businesses in the nightlife market critically shaped the initial forms of political association involving gay men that were able to develop and consolidate in the city.
Deconstructing the Relationship between Social Conflict and Conservation Flagship Species
Leo R. Douglas and Diogo Veríssimo
Flagship species, common components of conservation programs, are frequently implicated in social conflicts. This article examines the multiple roles of flagships in conflicts including their part in human-wildlife conflicts and as symbols of broader sociopolitical disputes. The article shows that the relationship between the co-occurrence of conflict and flagship species, while complex, illuminates important patterns and lessons that require further attention. The article focuses on the most iconic flagships globally and discusses why they are commonly shrouded in controversy in which their meaning, value, and place are contested. It argues that the process of socially constructing animals as iconic symbols often entangles them in conflict, and saturates them with conflict agency. The article recommends that any program that involves the deployment of flagships should institutionalize analyses of their symbolic meaning as an essential conflict-management approach.
Updated for Big Data and Predictive Analytics
without spatial divisions and explicit prohibitions. The most pressing question Deleuze asks is, How can there be control if nothing is forbidden? The answer is predictive analytics: data-driven marketing and social media strategies that regulate through
The Allure of Israel’s Desert Landscapes
Amelia Rosenberg Weinreb
periphery, 1 including the Negev Desert, required marketing to both donors and residents. Finally, I link these early socialist, collectivist, or centralized nation-building projects directly to a case study of Mitzpe Ramon, a town whose desert desolation
A Social Enterprise Approach to Sustainability Education
Bottle’ about how he built a company called Teracycle that got its start recycling food waste and marketing worm ‘poop’ plant food in used soda bottles. Terracycle went on to market hundreds of products made from waste ’upcycled’ into new products. The
Whitney Walton The Virtuous Marketplace: Women and Men, Money and Politics in Paris, 1830-1870 by Victoria E. Thompson
Catherine Bertho Lavenir Marketing Michelin: Advertising and Cultural Identity in Twentieth-Century France by Stephen L. Harp
Robert O. Paxton France: The Dark Years, 1940-44 by Julian Jackson
Marianne in Chains by Robert Gildea
Gérard Grunberg François Mitterrand: The Last French President by Ronald Tiersky
Martin A. Schain The Dignity of Working Men by Michèle Lamont
Public Attitudes Toward Immigration in the United States, France and Germany by Joel S. Fetzer
This is the first special issue of Anthropology in Action published with Berghahn Books, and we thank them for their involvement and support of the association and its journal. As you will see, in joining up with Berghahn, we are benefiting from their professional publishing team. Further to this, we should benefit over the long term from their marketing. Despite these publishing changes—and we thank the previous publishers and administrative support for their hard work over the years—the journal is retaining its distinct applied niche developed by previous editors and Anthropology in Action members.
The Frankfurt School's first years on Morningside Heights progressed very smoothly. Based on the group's activities and accomplishments, it is clear that its members had not misrepresented themselves to Columbia's sociologists and administrators. The emphasis that had been placed on scientific social research had not been an empty marketing scheme. Members of the Institute for Social Research were throughout the 1930s. This was never more true than during the first five years on Morningside Heights. Although members of the Horkheimer Circle later played up stories of their anonymity and isolation at Columbia, evidence that suggests that such claims were greatly exaggerated. heavily engaged in social research