In recent years in Iran some forms of gender relations typical for a traditional society have undergone significant transformation. 1 One such change concerns marriage, whose dynamics involve modifications in the family structure and redefinition
The Shifting Political Implications of Cousin Marriage in Nineteenth-Century America
1968 ; cf. Viveiros de Castro 2009: 258–259) . 1 Cousin marriage often confounds the logic of this oppositional framework, an inconvenient fact that compromises the central distinction in kinship theory between consanguinity and affinity. Indeed, it
Marriage, Status, and Moral Conduct in “The Merchant’s Tale”
Chaucer’s “The Merchant’s Tale” approaches the subjects of marriage, status, and moral conduct in the style of fabliau, using humor and satire to consider some more tangible fears of the medieval period. 1 Such concerns within marriage include
The Tâlesh Solution
The Tâlesh population is divided between Twelver Shi'a and Shafi'ite Sunnis. Here, the relations between the two 'communities' are harmonious and interfaith marriage is frequent. Family descent in Tâlesh is patrilineal (property, name and social status are transmitted along paternal lines) but the transmission of religious affiliation differs from that of property and social status and is governed, in the words of Meyer Fortes, by 'complementary descent': boys will adopt the religious affiliation of the father and girls that of the mother. So confessional affiliation is bilinear. However, there are exceptions that are as often linked to specific context as they may be to personal 'choice'.
A Study of Patients with Thalassemia in Iran
screening programmes ( Cousens et al. 2010 ). Middle Eastern countries, in which marriage with a first cousin is frequently preferred, have a high prevalence of beta-thalassemia. These screening programmes are intended to control marriage between
Yagoub Yousif Al-Kandari
The rate of consanguineous marriage in Kuwait is considered to be high. Several research studies have shown that marriage among relatives is one of the major factors leading to health problems because it increases homozygosis. This article deals with both cultural and physical aspects by examining the health consequences of consanguineous marriages in Kuwait. Variables such as reproductive wastage, health problems in the offspring and infant mortality are included and measured in relation to other socio-cultural variables. Cultural variables such as the respondents' roots (Bedouin and non-Bedouin) and beliefs (Muslim Sunni and Muslim Shi'a) are also examined. The results show that there is no significant association between consanguineous and non-consanguineous marriages in the rate of abortion or the mortality of infants and children up to five years old. Finally, the data reveal significant differences between the genetic and genetic-environmental diseases in consanguineous couples' offspring and those of non-consanguineous couples. Since some of these findings contradict those of other studies, more research is needed.
Malagasy Marriage, Shifting Post-Colonial Hierarchies, and Policing New Boundaries
In 1999 and 2004, a debate exploded within the Malagasy expatriate community in France after Et Plus Si Affinités, a realist style documentary about arranged marriage between Malagasy women and French men, aired on local television. The series chronicled the adventures of three French bachelors who went to Madagascar to find brides. In this article, I use the reactions to Et Plus Si Affinités as a lens through which to examine changes in Malagasy sexual relations as they are inflected by relations between different ethnic groups in Madagascar, particularly how different groups have historically approached sexual and marital relationships between Malagasy women and French men. Drawing on this case study, I argue that studies of transnational arranged marriage need to attend more closely first to historical representations and the way they figure into transnational marriage, and second to how circulating representations mediate women's agency and their ability to achieve their goals.
Alexis de Tocqueville's Comparative Views on Women and Marriage in France and the United States
Jean Elisabeth Pedersen
French and American marriage and family life. 2 Those who have analyzed his views on women have typically focused on a series of questions about whether his portrayals of American women are positive or negative, descriptive or prescriptive, accurate or
Transnational marriage in Dutch culturist integration discourse
Dutch discourse on “integration” is currently characterized by a strong focus on the “culture” of especially Turks and Moroccans, two minority populations in Dutch society mostly of Muslim orientation. This article discusses the issue of the “import bride” as a case study of contemporary culturist discourse. It argues that this issue is problematized because transnational marriage is construed as circumventing loyalty to Dutch society and nation-state.
Marriage has become an expensive proposition in the United Arab Emirates, so much so that it is used by some Emirati men as justification for marrying someone outside Emirati society. This article examines the changes in Emirati weddings over the last 30 years, presents a synopsis of the public discussion of Emirati marriages, and considers how the carefully contained public discussion deflects the comprehensive changes that have transformed Emirati society.