In this article we focus on sixty South African primary schoolgirls’ experiences of male violence and bullying. Rejecting outmoded constructions of schoolgirls as passive, we examine how girls draw on different forms of femininity to manage and address violence at school. These femininities are non-normative in their advancing of violence to stop violence but are also imbued with culturally relevant meanings about care, forgiveness, and humanity based on the African principle of ubuntu. Moving away from the discursive production of girls’ victimhood, we show how girls construct their own agency as they actively participate in multiple forms of femininity advocating both violence and forgiveness. Given the absence of teacher and parental support for girls’ safety, we conclude with a call to address interventions contextually, from schoolgirls’ own perspectives.
Deevia Bhana and Emmanuel Mayeza
Interpreting five homicides in the South African lowveld
This article points to the limitations of utilitarian theories of violence, as evident in the works of anthropologists who insist that all acts of violence either serve instrumental purposes (such as advancing one's own position) or expressive purposes (such as communicating key social ideas). Against the totalizing claims of such theories, the article observes that most homicides that occurred in the South African lowveld village where I conducted fieldwork research were the unanticipated consequence of men striking out in moments of anger. Although not the purposeful outcome of calculated conduct, these homicides were not however random. The high incidence of homicide can be explained in terms of Sahlins's concept of conjunctive agency, and by the co-presence of structural conditions of deprivation, ideologies of masculine domination, the wide prevalence of firearms, and the social enactment of rage.
Translator : Nathan Bracher
Masculine Domination , he would have seen that the condition of women evolved significantly in the twentieth century. Of course, a scholar often starts her or his academic career in a university department, and a Ph.D. student has to display craft mastery
Ehren Helmut Pflugfelder
to “perpetuate a system of masculine domination.” She also employs Butler’s work in order to identify how sexual difference is always “both material and discursive, with neither the material nor the discursive taking priority over the other.” 15
Teacher Complicity in Gender Inequality in a Middle School
’s Lives .” Gender and Education 19 , no. 5 : 549 – 568 . Bourdieu , Pierre , and Jean-Claude Passeron . 2000 . Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture . London : SAGE Publications . Chambers , Clare . 2005 . “ Masculine Domination
Constitutive Acts of the Subject in Gezi Park, Istanbul
Christopher Houston and Banu Senay
: Turhan Selçuk. Source : AU-Atatürk, 2008. Figure 4 “She won’t be a doorman’s wife like I am. She will be the wife of the prime minister or of the president.” Illustrator: Ramize Erer, 2008. Reproduced with permission of the artist. masculine
Bilal Tawfiq Hamamra
subversive intervention. Tuqan (1917-2003) was an eminent Palestinian poet who was born in Nablus in 1917 to a wealthy family. Her autobiography, A Mountainous Journey , published in 1990, is a criticism of masculine domination over women in the 1920s and