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Françoise Légey and Childbirth in Morocco

Jonathan G. Katz

doctor underscores the complexity surrounding the reception of modern Western medicine in the Moroccan setting. Moreover, the emergence of medical pluralism illustrates the limits of a campaign in which Légey played a significant role. 4 Two aspects of

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Malaria-associated Health-seeking Behaviour among the Jola of the Gambia, West Africa

Theodore Randall

This article discusses the medically pluralistic character of malaria prevention and treatment-based health-seeking behaviour among the inhabitants of a predominantly Jola village in the Gambia, West Africa. Through the presentation of ethnographic data obtained between 2003 and 2004, the paper demonstrates that traditional health services - represented by traditional medical practitioners and medicinal plant usage - among the Jola appear as much, if not more accessible, available, affordable and acceptable than the biomedical services - represented by biomedical practitioners and antimalarial medication usage - provided by the Gambian government health system. This accessibility, availability, affordability and acceptability occur to the extent that many of the villagers suggest that traditional health services become incorporated into the Gambian government health system. The need to integrate traditional and biomedical services becomes especially relevant given the existence of traditional services within the context of biomedical hegemony and limited Jola accessibility, availability and affordability of biomedical services.

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The Politics of Vodou

AIDS, Access to Health Care and the Use of Culture in Haiti

Catherine Benoît

During the past few years, the AIDS campaign in Haiti has been targeting Vodou officiants and organizations. These awareness and training programmes inform officiants about the transmission and prevention of AIDS, tests for HIV and antiretroviral drugs, or even try to encourage them to become involved in a medical referral system. These culturalist interventions are grounded in an essentialist concept of culture that can have harmful effects on the targeted groups. The concept of culture underlying such interventions is deconstructed along with the categories of traditional medicine and the 'tradipractitioner'. An approach to public health is advocated that would contextualize medical pluralism in Haiti.

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Christian Modernisation in Amazonia

Emerging Materialism in Shuar Evangelicals’ Healing Practices

Christian Tym


The project of ontological anthropology expounded by Philippe Descola has unexplored merits for a critical and secular anthropology of Christian conversion in indigenous societies. Drawing on Shuar descriptions of their healing practice in a context of medical pluralism in southeast Ecuador, this article argues that for animist peoples, Protestant Evangelicalism constitutes a step toward philosophical materialism or ‘naturalism’. While Shuar healing reserves a central place for hallucinogenic plant-induced visions for personal empowerment and shamanic healing, Shuar Evangelicals express a preference for engaging only the material qualities of medicinal plants. This is not, however, the consequence of adopting a disenchanted material cosmology but of a submissive mode of relating to the immaterial aspects of reality normally engaged in ancestral Shuar ontology. The article thereby extends the ontological turn's emphasis on what is known to a consideration of modes of relation to ontological content.

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The Possibilities of Failure

Personhood and Cognitive Disability in Urban Uganda

Tyler Zoanni

of sub-Saharan Africa’s oft-noted ‘medical pluralism’, or the coexistence of multiple therapeutic systems (e.g. Olsen and Sargent 2017 ). Yet what characterizes the stories of parents at Hope Centre who waded through this medical pluralism – and most

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Book Reviews

Anna Bara and Sveta Yamin-Pasternak

new wave of interest in the occult in Russia. With a specific focus on medical and health magic, a contribution by Sarah Rafijovic examines ethno-medical practices in Serbia in the context of medical pluralism in the Balkans, while a chapter by Anna

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Women's Lives in Colonial and Postcolonial Maghrib

Etty Terem

were largely frustrated. Instead, “European medicine disproportionately attracted the Jewish minority,” further contributing “to the Jewish alienation from the Muslim majority.” Moreover, he emphasizes “the landscape of medical pluralism” in

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Book Reviews

Shavagne Scott, Walter Goettlich, Sheila Petty, Wang Yanjun, Chimwemwe Phiri, and Larissa Kopytoff

medical pluralism in its numerous manifestations, and the account is of relevance for medical anthropologists in a range of ethnographic contexts. Throughout the book, Hokkanen pays close attention to the different kinds of relations between colonial

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Enwinding Social Theory

Wind and Weather in Zulu Zionist Sensorial Experiences

Rune Flikke

of the Royal Anthropological Institute 13 , no. s1 : S147 – S164 . 10.1111/j.1467-9655.2007.00403.x Janzen , John M. 1978 . The Quest for Therapy: Medical Pluralism in Lower Zaire . Berkeley : University of California Press . Jeffery