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Daniel Lord Smail

have no serious objection to the claim that the homicide rate in later medieval Europe was high relative to today. 3 But either way, this is a good and healthy debate. To reiterate, Better Angels offers a bold new model for linking the many eras of

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Pueri Sunt Pueri

Machismo, Chivalry, and the Aggressive Pastimes of the Medieval Male Youth

Sean McGlynn

Kaeuper, ed., Violence in Medieval Society (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2000); Richard Kaeuper, Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999); Larissa Tracy, Torture and Brutality in Medieval Literature (Woodbridge: Brewer

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Marc Saperstein and Ruth Scott

significant changes in medieval attitudes toward and presentation of Jews in works of art. It has long been noted that the widespread idea of ‘medieval Europe’ as one thousand years of cultural and social darkness and persecution, with little significant

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History, Violence, and Steven Pinker

Mark S. Micale and Philip Dwyer

. Thus, we include articles that study violence in prehistory, ancient Mediterranean societies, medieval Europe, early modern Russia, the European Enlightenment, interwar Africa and the Middle East, and European fascism. Supplementing these

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Randolph Roth

that many Europeans were still inclined to violence. But he believed that modern Europeans were fundamentally different from medieval Europeans. Elias, who was influenced deeply by Sigmund Freud’s theory of the subconscious, believed that humans are by

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Peter Oakley

a rapidly changing social landscape. Gold’s capacity to undermine, as well as underpin, economic systems and even its own supply chains is not a recent development. The adoption of legally protected gold coinage, or specie, across medieval Europe

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Mirrors for Margraves

Peter Damian’s Models for Male and Female Rulers

Alison Creber

On Damian’s use of rhetoric, see Gledhill, “Damian,” 53–62, 69–76. 32 On discipline and violence as crucial elements for aristocratic manhood, see Ruth Mazo Karras, From Boys to Men: Formations of Masculinity in Late Medieval Europe (Philadelphia

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Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker

Violence and Medieval England

Sara M. Butler

little people, too—the hatters, the tailors, the shepherds—were all quick to draw their knives”), and entertainment (throwing cats into bags, or beating pigs to death). 3 The government behaved no better than its subjects. Medieval Europeans suffered

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Gwendolen Burton

. Ohel Sarah Women’s Siddur , Mesorah Publications 2005 . Barenblat , Rachel . ‘Through: Author’s Note’ ( ) 2009 . Baumgarten , Elisheva . Mothers and Children: Jewish Family Life in Medieval Europe

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Katherine Weikert and Elena Woodacre

Masculinities,” in Masculinities in Medieval Europe , ed. Dawn Hadley (London: Longman, 1999), 3. 12 Martin Carver, “The Marriage of True Minds: Archaeology with Texts,” in Archaeology: The Widening Debate , ed. Barry Cunliffe, Wendy Davies, and Colin Renfrew