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Monument(s) to Freedom and Unity

Berlin and Leipzig

Jon Berndt Olsen

break any lines of continuity with its military and autocratic past. Fellow historian Martin Sabrow also voiced his skepticism, but framed his opinion more on the current state of Germany's memory culture: “today's memory culture in Germany is much more

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Peenemünde Contested

Remembering Second World War Technologies in Rural East Germany from 1984 to 1992

Daniel Brandau

periods that appeared meaningful to their own troubled biographies, which included not only the National Socialist but also the German Democratic Republic (GDR) period. Activism in and for regional memory culture was particularly diverse in Peenemünde. The

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Freed from Sadness and Fear

Politics, COVID-19, and the New Germany

Michael Meng and Adam R. Seipp

elsewhere. His address captured some of the remarkable changes in Germany's memory culture over the past 25 years while affirming the self-consciously deliberative and democratic ethos of contemporary German politics. Steinmeier began with remembrance of

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Germany's Meta-narrative Memory Culture: Skeptical Narratives and Minotaurs

Christian Gudehus

This article is based on the findings of an empirical study that is being conducted in Austria, Poland, and Germany. The material consists of a total of sixty group discussions with families, people of different age groups, as well as individuals dealing professionally with history and memory, including historians, teachers, politicians, journalists, displaced persons, and Jewish communities. Even if there are differences within every country, one clearly can observe dominant country-specific ways of speaking about the past. The German discourse could be described as a meta-narrative. Germans do not speak mainly about the past itself, but rather about how it should or should not be represented. The narrations are highly skeptical and unheroic. By contrast, the Polish discourse is almost devoid of skeptical narratives. Notions such as “historical truth,” “national pride” and “national history” were dominant in the discussions. The article concludes by noting that even though the modes of narrating the past are different in Germany and Poland, its function remains untouched: the past is always a resource for the construction of coherence and meaning.

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Empowering Critical Memory Consciousness in Education

The Example of 22 July 2011 in Norway

Alexandre Dessingué and Ketil Knutsen

significant symbolic or speech actions, or as things we “do” to history in order to meet certain needs or functions. 22 This does not mean that history and memories can be understood synonymously. History does, admittedly, affect our memory culture, but

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To Bear Witness After the Era of the Witness

The Projects of Christophe Boltanski and Ivan Jablonka

Donald Reid

in France. He grew up and lives today in what he calls a society marked by a memory culture in which one is asked to reflect on and pay homage to the victims of the Holocaust. 3 But, he recognizes, this “duty to remember” can be stifling, a matter of

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History between Red Brackets

The Cold War in History Museums around the Baltic Sea

Johan Hegardt

project entitled “Art, Culture and Conflict: Transformations of Museums and Memory Culture around the Baltic Sea after 1989,” which was financed by the Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, Södertörn University, Sweden. This project also

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Undoing the Myth of Childhood Innocence in Gisela Elsner's Fliegeralarm

Susanne Baackmann

fascism) based on Chancellor Kohl's famous adage of the “mercy of a late birth” as justification for normalizing German national identity in alliance with Western powers, it questions the entire edifice upon which Germany's official memory culture is built

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Remembering the Second World War in Post-Soviet Educational Media

Barbara Christophe

political and cultural significance of the single most important affair in post-Soviet memory cultures—a term used here explicitly in order to avoid invoking the idea of a culturally coherent social space, but rather to denote all the different forms and

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Tiziana Soverino, Evgenia Mesaritou, Thomas M. Wilson, Steve Byrne, Dino Vukušić, Fabiana Dimpflmeier, Eva-Maria Walther, and Eva Schwab

MigrantInnen in Deutschland [That Is So typically Persian! A Study of Diasporic Memory Cultures Exemplified by Second-Generation Iranian Migrants in Germany] (Münster: Waxman), 332 pp., €39.90, ISBN 9783830936732. Out of five million Iranians living abroad