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Honor and the Military Formation of French Noblemen, 1870-1920

Elizabeth C. Macknight

Gender and class informed the attitudes of French noblemen toward military training and an army career in the France of the early Third Republic. Honor for the male aristocracy was considered to be “in the blood” and still very closely bound to ancient military virtues of duty, bravery, and sacrifice. Boys raised in noble families were conditioned to value martial honor—and to seek to embody it—well before entering prestigious military academies in adolescence. Ancestral tradition created pressure on noblemen to serve with distinction in the army and, by doing so, to conform to an ideal of military manhood. This strained some noblemen's relationships with male relatives and the cross-generational imperative to uphold the warrior ethos led many to their death on the battlefield.

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Creative Intelligence and the Cold War

US Military Investments in the Concept of Creativity, 1945–1965

Bregje F. Van Eekelen

theories between the academy and the military, he opened by saying: I am a little startled to find myself in this situation … I have been amazed to be plucked at in the last couple of years by big industries of which I know nothing, or organizations like

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Military Violence in Its Own Right

The Microsocial Foundations of Physical Military Violence in Noncombat Situations

Nir Gazit and Eyal Ben-Ari

; King 2013 ; Shalit 1988 ; Storr 2009 ). But the militaries of industrial democracies have been, and are, involved in a whole array of physically violent encounters with civilians in areas of conflict—encounters that diverge from this quintessential

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Military (Non-)Policing in the Occupied Territories

Nir Gazit

, settlers not only are the object of security, but also must share the burden of establishing security and control over the territory. HaCohen thus promotes a hybrid civil-military modality of territorial control, in which there is no clear

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Military-Police Fusion at the Southern Border

Chava Brownfield-Stein

, “clearly demonstrated the ability of non-state actors to study and deconstruct the vulnerabilities of Western style militaries, and devise appropriate countermeasures” (ibid.: 58). Defending the borders and sovereignty of a nation-state against foreign

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Bodily Transgression

Conflicting Spaces and Gendered Boundaries of Modernity and Islam in Contemporary Turkey

Mahiye Seçil Dağtaş

As Islamic discourses and practices gain increasing public visibility in Turkey and redefine the gendered boundaries of the state, officers' clubs have become the ideal national 'public sphere' of the military and therefore the site in which female citizens' bodies are displayed as the secular markers of Turkey's modernity. Focusing on an anecdote from ethnographic research on wedding ceremonies held in military officers' clubs in Istanbul, this article explores how the competing discourses on modernity and secularism are manifested and contested concretely in specific gendered, corporeal, emotional and spatial practices in contemporary Turkey.

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Global privatized power

Heritage politics and private military contractors in Iraq

Maria Theresia Starzmann

The practice of archaeologists and other heritage specialists to embed with the US military in Iraq has received critical attention from anthropologists. Scholars have highlighted the dire consequences of such a partnership for cultural heritage protection by invoking the imperialist dimension of archaeological knowledge production. While critical of state power and increasingly of militarized para-state actors like the self-proclaimed Islamic State, these accounts typically eclipse other forms of collaboration with non-state organizations, such as private military and security companies (PMSCs). Focusing on the central role of private contractors in the context of heritage missions in Iraq since 2003, I demonstrate that the war economy's exploitative regime in regions marked by violent conflict is intensified by the growth of the military-industrial complex on a global scale. Drawing on data from interviews conducted with archaeologists working in the Middle East, it becomes clear how archaeology and heritage work prop up the coloniality of power by tying cultural to economic forms of control.

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The Representation of “Difficult Pasts” in Military Museums

The Portuguese Colonial War in the Portuguese Armed Forces Museums

André Caiado

war and produced different processes of remembering. The public commemoration and remembering of troubled pasts are challenging, and the way of portraying the colonial war in a museum setting is no exception. When it happens in a military museum, the

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The Convergence of Military Conduct and Policing in Israeli-Controlled Territories

Nir Gazit and Yagil Levy

brutality (see, e.g., Levin 2020 ; Misra 2018 ; Taub 2020 ), which is often labeled as ‘militarization of police’. At the same time, in recent years military forces have been increasingly involved in policing missions in civilian environments, both

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US–México border states and the US military–industrial complex

A Global Space for expanding transnational capital

Juan Manuel Sandoval Palacios

Base Program (DRIB) are developed, linked to the Gun Belt, 5 and to the US military–industrial complex. In this process, migration and border security policies have been developed into a migration industry complex and a border security industrial