The Arctic is one of Russia’s treasures. However, Arctic economic development means that business is invading lands that are sacred to indigenous peoples. As a rule, regional authorities are interested in tax revenues from subsoil users, prompting them to decide the culture-or-mining dilemma in favor of the latter. But this does not mean that the price of this encroachment on indigenous lands remains uncalculated. Since its establishment in 2010, Yakutia’s Ethnological Expertise Committee has developed a tool for assessing the damage caused to indigenous communities by subsoil users. The problem of getting businesses to compensate indigenous communities has yet to be solved. This article seeks answers to the problem of fair compensation methods and explores modes of partnership and cooperation on traditional lands.
The Case of Ethnological Expertise in Yakutia
The size and dramatic impact of the large-scale mines of Melanesia make a useful case study of the effects of economic globalization on local communities, particularly in terms of poverty and inequality. In the context of debates concerning globalization and poverty, this article examines the processes around large-scale mining at both the national and local scales. It argues that the issue of scale is critical to discussions of the links between poverty and globalization, with no evidence that large-scale mining has reduced poverty at the national level in Papua New Guinea over the last thirty years. Evidence is given from the Porgera mine of the effects of mining development at the local scale, with absolute poverty down but inequality increasing. Ethnographic detail helps to situate these processes in the dynamics of the local society. It is these locally grounded attributes that account for the production of inequality far better than generalized accounts of the 'culture of globalization'.
Olivia Plender has built a gallery-based practice that explores history, often through an archival mining of social and esoteric beliefs that disturb contemporary expectations. This approach is one of illuminating alternative formations and beliefs
State social spending and financialization in Peru
This article takes its starting point in the new relationship among villagers, the state, the mining sector, and banks in Peru. The line begins with natural resource extraction companies, which remit royalties and taxes to the state; the state then
Resources and Socio-cosmic Fields in Odisha, India
center of their homelands. In the case of the Dongria, these homelands are the Niamgiri Mountains, which, depending on one’s perspective, contain different kinds of resources. Indian metal and mining companies are interested in bauxite for the production
Citizenship and environment-as-common-property in highland Peru
Mattias Borg Rasmussen
. “Enough is enough!” The protests of the highland region Ancash that culminated in eight days of paro , or blockade, in December 2010 were directed against a proposed mining exploration in the headwaters of the Santa River, near the shores of a lake known
Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert
between disparate actors such as powerful mining companies, PA managers who govern the territory from a nature dominant perspective, tourism micro-entrepreneurs mainly from outside the desert localities, and indigenous communities who increasingly
Making diamonds ethical in Canada’s Northwest Territories
Lindsay A. Bell
, both the museum and the mining corporation (Rio Tinto) stress that the Foxfire diamond should be admired for its “fascinating provenance and ethical pedigree” ( Amadena Investments 2017 ; Landers 2016 ). Foxfire’s ethical pedigree is linked not only to
Metabolism, Design, and the Making of an ‘African’ Aircrete
meeting with an American named James on the outskirts of Dar es Salaam, in the peri-urban neighbourhood of Hewa where I have been living and conducting research off and on since 2010. A former private military contractor and mining engineer who has lived
Environmental mitigation and the limits of commensuration in a Chilean mining project
Focusing on a controversial gold mining project in Chile, this article examines how engineers and other mining professionals perceive and help shape Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives. Compensation agreements, environmental management, and community relations programs rest on what I call a logic of equivalence that makes the environmental consequences of mining activity commensurate with the mining companies’ mitigation plans. For example, legal codes enable engineers to measure, compare, and reconcile the costs and benefits of a project. However, the law is neither fixed nor uncontestable, and companies must respond to increased public scrutiny and the growing demands of communities, governments, and international actors. In Chile, campaigns against mining focused on the presence of glaciers at the mine site and the project’s possible effects on water availability. By introducing new moral dimensions to debates over corporate responsibility, these campaigns challenged established strategies of commensuration and existing ethical guideposts.