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Humanity’s Subtensions

Culture Theory in US Death Penalty Mitigation

Jesse Cheng

capital defense bar has established certain lines of inquiry to be indispensable. The heinous sorts of killings that merit a capital charge often will be best mitigated by evidence of the client’s impairment—particularly of the neurological

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Anna Scolobig, Luigi Pellizzoni, and Chiara Bianchizza

only technical aspects, but also the social, economic, political and cultural sides of risk mitigation. The severity of the impacts of natural hazards rests on pre-existing conditions of vulnerability—not only of buildings and infrastructures, but also

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Md Saidul Islam and Si Hui Lim

Home to 60 percent of the world's population, Asia accounts for 85 percent of those killed and affected globally by disaster events in 2011. Using an integrated sociological framework comprised of the pressure and release (PAR) model and the double-risk society hypothesis, and drawing on data obtained from the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT), PreventionWeb, and the IPCC special report on extreme events, this article offers a sociological understanding of disaster development and recovery in Asia. The particular focus is on seven Asian countries, namely, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Thailand, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Rather than treating disasters entirely as “natural” events caused by “violent forces of nature”, we emphasize various ways in which social systems create disaster vulnerability. We argue that existing disaster mitigation and adaptation strategies in Asia that focus almost entirely on the natural and technological aspects of hazards have serious limitations, as they ignore the root causes of disaster vulnerabilities, such as limited access to power and resources. This article therefore recommends a holistic approach to disaster management and mitigation that takes into consideration the various larger social, political, and economic conditions and contexts.

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Engineering responsibility

Environmental mitigation and the limits of commensuration in a Chilean mining project

Fabiana Li

Focusing on a controversial gold mining project in Chile, this article examines how engineers and other mining professionals perceive and help shape Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives. Compensation agreements, environmental management, and community relations programs rest on what I call a logic of equivalence that makes the environmental consequences of mining activity commensurate with the mining companies’ mitigation plans. For example, legal codes enable engineers to measure, compare, and reconcile the costs and benefits of a project. However, the law is neither fixed nor uncontestable, and companies must respond to increased public scrutiny and the growing demands of communities, governments, and international actors. In Chile, campaigns against mining focused on the presence of glaciers at the mine site and the project’s possible effects on water availability. By introducing new moral dimensions to debates over corporate responsibility, these campaigns challenged established strategies of commensuration and existing ethical guideposts.

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Zoe Bray and Christian Thauer

anti-corruption ( Kell and Ruggie 1999 ; Waddock 2002 ). Corporate social responsibility is thus a concept that sets out to mitigate the conflict between, on the one hand, the utopia of a better world, which individuals—in particular underprivileged

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With an Open Mind and Open Heart

Collections Care at the Laboratory of Archaeology

Kate Roth

controls the location of and access to the archaeological record. LOA attempts to mitigate these asymmetries in a number of ways including proactive outreach and the use of accessible language in written policy. When repositories and museums engage in

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Governing the Sun

The Challenges of Geoengineering

Klaus Radunsky and Tim Cadman

renewable energy sources and reduce the use of the fossil-fuel-based solutions. With development and implementation of those, it should be possible to cut GHG emissions, but it is unclear how far climate change risks can be reduced by mitigation alone. Even

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Pamela McElwee

are studies of “offset” programs, whereby “the destruction of one habitat would be ‘offset’ by the conservation, restoration, or creation of another” ( Benabou 2014: 103 ); these policies also go by names such as compensatory mitigation; biodiversity

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Adolescent Girls with Disabilities in Humanitarian Settings

“I Am Not ‘Worthless’—I Am a Girl with a Lot to Share and Offer”

Emma Pearce, Kathryn Paik, and Omar J. Robles

pilot projects inform principles to foster the participation of girls with disabilities in adolescent girls’ programming, which can, in turn, play a critical role in mitigating their risk of violence, abuse, and exploitation in humanitarian contexts

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Overconsumption as Ideology

Implications for Addressing Global Climate Change

Diana Stuart, Ryan Gunderson, and Brian Petersen

limit catastrophic warming. Given the relationships between production and GHG emissions, effective mitigation efforts will require significant systemic changes in work, production, consumption, advertising, and social norms. A focus on individual