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Two Patterns of Modernization

An Analysis of the Ethnic Issue in Israel

Shlomo Fischer

material and symbolic resources. Origins of the Ethnic Problem in Israel: Differences in the Modernization Experience The Modernization of Eastern European Jews The roots of the dissimilar approaches of Ashkenazim and Mizrahim to the construction of the

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Paternalism, Modernization, and the Gender Regime in Turkey

Pınar Melis Yelsalı Parmaksız

Girls might regret only not having been born as male. —Statement in the official newspaper Ulus (Nation), 1939 This article is an inquiry into the gender regime of Turkish modernization, with a focus on the single-party era of the Turkish Republic

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Lazy Labor, Modernization, and Coloniality

Mobile Cultures between the Andes and the Amazon around 1900

Jaime Moreno Tejada

, leaving two soldiers dead. The incident came to be known as the Battle of Angoteros. 31 A rush of nationalism followed this event, and the distant Amazon frontier became the focus of Quito’s modernizing fever. 32 A society of patriots, the Junta

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Two Paradigmatic Views on Right-Wing Populism in East Germany

Jonas Rädel

different paradigmatic perspectives. On the one hand, it can be regarded from a modernization lens, and second, through a postcolonial critical perspective. Based on the debated explanations for the AfD's success in east Germany, I develop these two

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The CDU/CSU’s Ambivalent 2017 Campaign

Clay Clemens

, the underlying, longer term cause behind the parties’ fortunes was Merkel’s leadership and her effort to modernize the cdu , which enjoyed broad but brittle support. Second, that consensus wavered after her controversial 2015 decision to admit over a

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How “Poland Entered Europe”

The Motorway as a Space of Neoliberalism

Waldemar Kuligowski

political, economic, and social modernization in contemporary Poland. In this article, I question the importance of “modernization through the motorway,” for local communities as well as for the entire country, which had previously been deprived of any

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Building the future

Construction, temporality, and politics in Astana

Mateusz Laszczkowski

This article focuses ethnographically on the built environment of the socalled “Left Bank” area in Astana, Kazakhstan. Previously merely a provincial administrative center, the city became the country’s capital in 1997; soon a new quarter of monumental, futuristic, and stylistically extravagant administrative, residential, and commercial buildings emerged. I argue that the construction effort produces complicity by mobilizing and channeling citizens’ agency. Against the background of recent history, it offers a sense of restored progress-directed collectivity within which individual citizens can seek to engage, pursuing more meaningful and materially satisfying lives. A selective vision of the city is propagandized widely, producing a hyperreal space that captures imaginations, set in opposition to more “ordinary” social space. The contrast between that vision and the lived realities of Astana causes disillusionment, but emic criticism of the political economy fails to transcend the logic of modernization narratives that the ideology of Astana’s construction rests upon.

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Vicos as Cold War Strategy

Anthropology, Peasants and 'Community Development'

Eric B. Ross

This article examines how anthropology's emphasis on the traditional values of peasants reflected the general precepts of 'modernization theory', the dominant development discourse of the Cold War era. It explores how such ideas lent credibility to the U.S. strategy of 'community development' as a central part of its response to radical rural change. Special attention is paid to the Cornell-Peru Project at Vicos in the Peruvian highlands, which attained legendary status as a case of applied anthropology, but is here examined in relationship to the strategies of the U.S. power elite and Cold War government policies.

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Meglio di ieri

Educational Films, National Identity and Citizenship in Italy from 1948 to 1968

Anne Bruch

summed up the achievements that followed from the government’s strategy of economic and social renewal along with modernization. Two films in particular exemplify the tropes of national regeneration—namely, Ieri e oggi (“Yesterday and Today”) and the

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The men who knew too much

Sardines, skills, and the labor process in Jaffa, Israel, 1948–1979

Naor Ben-Yehoyada

This historical anthropology of the rise and fall of Israel's post-1948 sardine purse-seining development project shows what happens when marginalized groups, who are initially excluded as “backward” or “primitive”, enter modernization projects that are based on politics of skillfulness and experts' control over the labor process. By focusing on the role that skills play in the struggle between experts and artisans over the labor process, I show how the dynamics within state-run production apparatuses can make workers and experts face dilemmas about productivity, profit, and effectiveness, leading to such projects' implosion. This mode of analysis exposes the contradictions within projects of governance as well as in their relational intersection with the people they subjugate and exclude.