Humans and elephants have lived together and shared space together in diverse ways for millennia. The intersections between these thinking and feeling species have been differently explored, for different reasons, by disciplines across the sciences, humanities, and social sciences. Such disciplinary divisions, predicated on oppositions of human-animal and nature-culture, are integral to the configuration of modernist thought. However, posthumanist and biocultural thinking questions the underlying epistemological conventions, thereby opening up interdisciplinary possibilities for human-animal studies. In relation to issues of conflict and coexistence, this article charts the emergence of an interdisciplinary research program and discursive space for human-elephant intersections under the rubric of ethnoelephantology. Recognizing continuities between the sentient and affective lifeworlds of humans and elephants, the mutual entanglements of their social, historical, and ecological relations, and the relevance of combining social and natural science methodologies, the article surveys recent research from anthropology, history, and geography that exemplifies this new approach.
Social, Historical, and Ecological Intersections between Asian Elephants and Humans
social science discipline of animal geography, multispecies ethnography has pushed for the integration of ethnographic methods with insights from ethology and ecology in the hope of articulating politically and ethically inclusive more-than-human
J. Cristobal Pizarro and Brendon M. H. Larson
static way without considering, for example, the diversity of functions, behaviors, and identities of species that are important to people (e.g., Pitkänen et al. 2011 ). Other fields, such as ethnobiology, more-than-human geography, and human