of territory. Plants participate in more than human territorialities, we argue, and we suggest that social scientists look beyond anthropocentric discourses of law and statecraft to understand the territorial projects that are entangled in the sprouts
Sarah Besky and Jonathan Padwe
A Test Case in India
scholars fruitfully engage with the more-than-human or “multinatural” way of thinking about the world? 5 Attention to the “multinatural” in the same manner as the “multicultural” could feasibly have the same impact on mobilities as the concept of
Studying the socio-ecological systems which produce food highlights the entangled nature of humans, other species and ecosystems near and far. The three texts discussed in this essay have this awareness in the foreground. Participants in the solidarity economy and artisan cheesemakers know this, and the three authors do as well, demonstrating an integration of ecological awareness in their research and the pursuit of new knowledge. Cristina Grasseni, Heather Paxson and Anna Tsing trace connections and describe flows of organisms, food, skills and ideas, from the microbial community on the surface of a maturing cheese to global trade networks shaping mushrooms, mushroom pickers and forests. Each demonstrates the tight synergies of human culture and more-than-human nature that shape ecosystems and produce food beyond increasingly fragile capitalist industrial food production systems.
Forms of Attraction in Multispecies World Making
Michael J. Hathaway
This article explores how attraction, a companion term to elusiveness, reveals insights into multispecies worlds by showing how different organisms such as the matsutake mushroom interpret the world and interact with each other, whether or not humans are involved. Building on scholarly interest in the ‘animal turn’ (explorations of the human-animal relationship), this article moves beyond human-centered scholarship by using, but also modifying, the concept of umwelt introduced by the Baltic German biologist Jakob von Uexküll. Employing a critical social scientific reading of the biological literature that analyzes its findings, as well as challenges its animal-centric models of agency and behavior, I argue that this perspective helps us better understand ourselves as humans in a world that is much more than human.
A Diagram of Coordination in a Satoyama Forest
Elaine Gan and Anna Tsing
This article experiments with combining three concepts— coordination, assemblage, diagram—to make vivid the composition of a satoyama forest in central Japan. The forest comes to life as a more-than-human assemblage that emerges through coordinations established by evolutionary and historical accommodations to life cycles, seasonal rhythms, and activity patterns. These coordinations are expressed through a diagram of intersecting temporalities of people, plants, and woodlands that condition the flourishing or decline of wild matsutake mushrooms. Working diagrammatically, we can better articulate how juxtapositions of humans and non-humans become assemblages that hold together through coordinations—without a unified purpose or design. We argue that understanding coordination is key to more livable multispecies worlds.
Democracy and Boundaries in the Anthropocene
The Anthropocene diagnosis, in which humanity has become a disruptive geological force, indicates an irresolvable political paradox. The political demos is inevitably and necessarily bounded. The Anthropocene, however, heralds the anthropos—the globalized more-than-human identity. The anthropos challenges the maintenance of political boundaries, yet any robust response to ecological predicament must be underpinned by a decisive demos. This article, informed by theories of political agonism, suggests that this paradox importantly provokes ongoing political contestation of the inevitable yet contingent exclusions from politics and the proper place of political boundaries in the Anthropocene. The article concludes that the Anthropocene diagnosis provides an opportunity for a lively democratic politics in which the demos is always prompted to reimagine itself and asks, who are “we” in the Anthropocene?
The Birth of “Bycatch”
achievement but also a capacity of the more-than-human. While it is not the project of this article to summarize the breadth of this literature, 2 it is important to trace the lineage that informs the analysis developed here. Important antecedents of new
An Anthropology of Marine Stock Enhancement Science in Japan
approaches are based on a more multidirectional, ontologically open form of communication. However, as is the case with human-animal studies, many more-than-human studies still tend to focus on people's relationships with a given animal, thus more or less
surface and reoccur in my work to be activated, reinvented, and coded. New memories are formed, interpreted in conversation with all my relations, the more-than-human, others, myself, and various locations. I believe in change and that the borders and
Georgine Clarsen and Gijs Mom
. Thomas Birtchnell, in our “Ideas in Motion” section off ers up “Mobilities and the Multinatural: A Test Case in India,” which teases out the possibilities of more than human or “multi-natural” ways of thinking about the world. In our “Mobility and Art