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Svetlana A. Sukneva and Anastasiia S. Barashkova

This article presents the particularities of the formation and development of the population in the Russian northeast. It demonstrates that the negative balance of migration and natural growth reduction has become a key reason for the depopulation of the region, and a direct correlation has been established between fertility and mortality and the age structure of the population. The article also shows that the main trends with regard to marriage reflect the trends observed in the course of demographic processes; the deterioration of the marital status among the indigenous peoples of northeastern Russia is attributed to the narrowness of the marriage market.

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Lost Boys

An Estimate of U.S. Circumcision-Related Infant Deaths

Dan Bollinger

Baby boys can and do succumb as a result of having their foreskin removed. Circumcision-related mortality rates are not known with certainty; this study estimates the scale of this problem. This study finds that approximately 117 neonatal circumcision-related deaths (9.01/100,000) occur annually in the United States, about 1.3% of male neonatal deaths from all causes. Because infant circumcision is elective, all of these deaths are avoidable. This study also identifies reasons why accurate data on these deaths are not available, some of the obstacles to preventing these deaths, and some solutions to overcome them.

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Paul Gyllenhammer

annihilation. I frame the discussion above around the threat of death for an obvious reason: Heidegger does not think mortality is to be feared. Particularly in the modern frame of technology, confronting mortality plays a central role in re-igniting an

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Towards an anthropology of public health priorities

Maternal mortality in four obstetric emergency services in West Africa

Yannick Jaffré

If epidemiological studies can define priorities for action, anthropological analyses are needed to clarify the conditions for the possibility of health problems. This article illustrates some of the ways in which public health and anthropological research may complement one another. Every year, 250,000 of the world's 200 million pregnant women die in Sub‐Saharan Africa. The medical causes of death are known and what should be done to avoid these unnecessary deaths is also known: quality caesareans, use of magnesium sulphate, hygiene during childbirth, tests and transfusion. So, concretely, the question is why sundry reforms fail or struggle for effective application. Drawing from a complex system of observation set up in four different services for 4‐month periods, this article aims to specify the qualitative variables that are behind the deaths of parturients.

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The Biologically Vulnerable Boy

Framing Sex Differences in Childhood Infectious Disease Mortality

Heather T. Battles

Demographers and other scholars have noticed differences in mortality rates and life expectancies for males and females since at least the seventeenth century (see Théré 2003 and Théré and Rohrbasser 2006 for a detailed history). The eighteenth

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Shahid Najeeb

The central thesis of this article is that psychoanalysis is an organic offshoot of that evolutionary process called religion. As such it has more in common with the world's religions than it would care to admit. Nor would the world's religions feel particularly excited about admitting psychoanalysis in their midst, for its inclusion forces a rethinking of their place in human development. Using Keats's "Ode to a Nightingale," the author looks at the pain of human existence and how it has resulted in the concepts of soul, God, and immortality. The nature of sentience—being aware of one's awareness—is examined. The article asserts that psychoanalysis is the process by which the soul examines itself, thought examines thinking, and life examines its meaning. The author describes religion, soul theory, and psychoanalysis as having evolved naturally and necessarily from human existence and experience, and views them as necessary dimensions of existence.

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Maritel Yanes Pérez, Luis Roberto Canto Valdés, and Dora Elia Ramos Muñoz

Abstract

Homicide is a demographic, social, economic, legal, health problem that affects the quality of life of the population, erodes the economy and citizen security, causes fear and generates impunity. The main victims in Mexico are young people and this research focuses on the integrated southeast including five states: Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco and Yucatán. This research addresses the phenomenon in question, the variations in 2010-2017 homicide rates and their relation to the gender of the victim, identifying different types and modalities of homicides. The authors highlight differences in gender conditions and victimization typologies, which can help to generate homicide prevention strategies in the Mexican southeast.

Resumen

El homicidio es un problema demográfico, social, económico, jurídico y de salud que afecta la calidad de vida de la población, erosiona la economía y la seguridad ciudadana, provoca temor y genera impunidad. Las principales víctimas en México son jóvenes. Esta investigación se centra en el sureste mexicano integrado por cinco entidades federativas: Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco y Yucatán. La investigación verifica el fenómeno en cuestión, los cambios en las tasas de homicidios de 2010 al 2017 y la relación según el sexo de la víctima, identificando diferentes tipos y modalidades de homicidios. Los autores aportan la diferencia de condiciones de género y distintas modalidades de victimización, lo que puede contribuir a generar estrategias preventivas de los homicidios en el sureste mexicano.

Résumé

Les homicides sont un problème démographique, social, économique, juridique et sanitaire qui affecte la qualité de vie de la population, a des impacts négatifs sur l'économie et la sécurité des citoyens, suscite la peur et un climat d'impunité. Au Mexique, les principales victimes en sont des jeunes. Cette recherche porte sur le sud-est mexicain composé par cinq états: le Campeche, le Chiapas, le Quintana Roo, le Tabasco et le Yucatán. Elle examine le phénomène en question, l'évolution du taux d'homicides entre 2010 et 2017 et sa relation avec le sexe de la victime, à partir de l'identification de différents types et modalités d'homicides. Les auteurs présentent les conditions de genre et les différentes formes de victimisation, ce qui peut contribuer à l'élaboration de stratégies de prévention des homicides dans le sud-est du Mexique.

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What Am I Still Doing Here?

Travel, Travel Writing, and Old Age

Robin Jarvis

inflected by a consciousness of passing time and personal mortality? There is a rich vein of literary criticism probing similar issues in relation to more mainstream genres: investigations of, for example, the late work of poets such as Wordsworth, Yeats