This focuses on a key topic for comparison of two masters of sociological thought, Georg Simmel and Émile Durkheim: the question of giving in the context of social exchange. Durkheim deals with the issue in introducing the concept of organic solidarity, based on the division of social labour and implying the interdependence of individuals. This representation of solidarity links with the interest in credit and debt relations in Simmel's philosophy of money and with a perspective in which reciprocity is conceived as one of the main sociological functions involved in the representation of social bonds. After a comparison of Durkheim and Simmel's theories of reciprocity, a specific case discussed is the mortgage, conceived as a paradigm of the shape assumed by the immaterial reality of reciprocity in institutional and everyday life.
l'acte de 'donner' chez Simmel et Durkheim
Luca Guizzardi and Luca Martignani
Between solidarity and political effectiveness
Monique Nuijten and Pieter de Vries
In the Platform of Mortgage Victims (PAH) the common view exists that all activists are equal, that there are no leaders, and that there is no division of labor between grassroots activists and activist-politicians. We show that the trope of horizontalism (the nonexistence of hierarchy within the platform) in effect hides the existence of an unacknowledged leadership structure and of electoral aspirations. We argue that the tensions between grassroots activists and emerging activist-politicians stand for a fundamental divide that renders possible a true change in the state of the situation. This article draws on the work of Alain Badiou and Jodi Dean to argue that the PAH contributed to the 15M movement as a truth event by staging performances of egalitarianism and cultivating solidarity in a disciplined way.
Governmentality and profit extraction through fabricated abundance and imposed scarcity in Peru and Spain
Ismael Vaccaro, Eric Hirsch, and Irene Sabaté
students overburdened by debt to choose their own jobs and be financially self-sufficient ( Ross 2014 ); from the reemergence of multigenerational households in Spain as a result of massive home evictions by mortgage default ( Sabaté 2016 ) to
The Right to Housing in a Pandemic
the 16th century, it still connotes eviction as well: those left without pay, without work, unable to pay rent or mortgage, unable to catch up, will lose their homes. Some landlords suspend rent now and let it be known we are all in this together. 3
Tracing transnational practices of Albanian migrants in Athens
permits or formal property rights to the land; and (2) they took on debts (mainly mortgages) to buy apartments in Greece, which they refer to as “my house in Greece” and which they describe as “painful” entrepreneurship, indeed “as painful for them, as
Greed Accusations in an Australian Coal Mining Town
, with the end of the mining boom, prices for Kate and her husband's ten properties in Moranbah dropped drastically, and the rents they were receiving to pay their mortgages have dried up as hundreds of houses sit empty. In the boom times, 2008–2012, the
future. Credit cards, installment plans, mortgages, and other long-term loans—along with financial management and reinvestment of bank savings, insurance, and pension—permeate the population of financialized economies. They enable workers to invest in
Money in Shakespeare’s Sonnets
lending money on mortgage; the Office of the King’s Exchanger, which held its Exchange in Lombard Street, not far from London’s printing shops; and various companies, in particular the companies of goldsmiths and of moneyers and the Society of Merchant
After the commons—commoning!
blacks could ultimately be forgiven their mortgage debt. It laid the groundwork for Donald Trump’s presidential campaign. The Indignados in Barcelona in contrast actively sought to incorporate immigrant Latin Americans in their anti-foreclosure actions
Richard H. Weisberg
human or divine. Line two, ‘And I myself am mortgaged to thy will’, describes the anterior unmediated position one might expect in a romantic relationship, or, in our terms here, the binary baseline before it has become a triangle. The speaker is