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Remaking the Mosaic

Religious Leaders and Secular Borders in the Colonial Levant

Alexander D. M. Henley

The colonial view of Levantine society as a mosaic of religions established lasting precedents for communal self-governance and power sharing in modern states. Yet it ironically disguises the extent to which the region's religious geography was reimagined by colonial rule. Principles of religious freedom and minority rights combined with a perception of 'oriental religions' to create a unique and powerful place for religious leaders to govern. The borders that would define national societies in Palestine-Israel, Lebanon, and Syria also remade the boundaries by which the religious mosaic was structured. This article will highlight institutional change in the Maronite Christian and Sunni Muslim communities, showing how each reformulated its religious leadership in response to the creation and enforcement of Lebanon's borders with Palestine and Syria from 1920 to 1948. The 'traditional' religious leaderships of today are in no small part products of the same colonial 'lines in the sand' within which nations were formed.

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Between Intention and Implementation

Recent Legal Reforms on Child Marriage in Contemporary Malaysia

Nurul Huda Mohd. Razif

. In Malaysia, however, some fatwas that have been gazetted can be enforced as law by the Syariah Courts, and thus can become legally binding. Within Malaysia's extensive Islamic bureaucracy, the ulama – including the muftis 4 – who produce these

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The Cultural Transformation of the Trope of the Renegade in Late Seventeenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century English Drama

John Dryden's Don Sebastian and Frederick Reynolds's The Renegade

Hussein A. Alhawamdeh

for religious reasons that served the interests of politicians and religious men. For example, David Bywaters shows that there is a resemblance between the character of Mufti, in Dryden's play, and Gilbert Burner, councillor of William III, since both

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Islam, Travel, and Learning

A Case Study on Indonesian Muslim Student Diasporas in Saudi Arabia

Sumanto Al Qurtuby

develop moderate Islam and prevent religious radicalism in Indonesia. Another non-Islamic studies student with a strong background in Islamic studies was Yusuf Mufti, 4 a MS student majoring in software engineering in the Department of Information and

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On Institutional Pluralization and the Political Genealogies of Post-Yugoslav Islam

Jeremy F. Walton and Piro Rexhepi

their preferred candidate to the post of Mufti of Bosnia—the highest religious office in the province—the Habsburgs encouraged the establishment of a host of new Islamic institutions, including those of the Reis ul-Ulema (the head of the religious

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Benzion Netanyahu's Formative Years

The Politics of Resentment in Palestine, 1932–1935

Adi Armon

men: ‘Go to the Mufti with your international chair!’” ( Doar HaYom 1932 ). Benzion Netanyahu, almost 22 years old at the time, had a central role in the attempt to prevent Bentwich from speaking. As a leader of the Revisionist Students Section, one

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Reimagining Democracy through Syria's Wartime Sharia Committees

Emma Findlen LeBlanc

commonalities with disparate, historically situated interpretations of sharia, from seventeenth-century jurists to modern Egyptian muftis, I argue that the localism, pluralism, flexibility and focus on reconciliation that they idealise are recurrent tendencies

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A Visual Genealogy of a Sacred Landscape

Noa Hazan and Avital Barak

, including the Tomb of Samuel, Rachel’s Tomb, and the Cave of the Patriarchs. The menorah’s position at the Dome of the Rock’s crown, coupled with the absence of the Muslim crescent from the dome, imbues the image with political implications. The grand mufti

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European Bodies

Who Embodies europe? Explorations into the Construction of european Bodies

Anika Keinz and Paweł Lewicki

( McClintock 1995 , 1997 ; McClintock, Mufti and Shohat 1997 ; Stoler 2002 ). Moreover, in the past years sexual rights as much as the right to bodily integrity play an increasing role in discussions about modernity, democracy, human rights and belonging

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A Nexus of Sensationalism and Politics

Doar Ha-Yom and the 1929 Western Wall Crisis

Ouzi Elyada

the newspaper the only cause of the violent eruption in 1929. It has been argued ( Lang 1988: 148–154 ) that the mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husayni, and his associates had decided to perpetrate massacres against the Jews due to their fear of an