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Christina Oesterheld

question is how the distinction between affectionate love ( muḥabbat ) and passionate love ( ʿishq ), which has a long tradition in Arabic and Persian sources, was maintained while at the same time designating them to different social fields. It will

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Concepts of Emotions in Indian Languages

Margrit Pernau

muhabbat , the love restrained by reason, but ʿishq , the passionate love that led the lover to sacrifice not only the calm of his everyday life, but his mental peace, his rationality, and finally his life. In the final article, Max Stille investigates

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From Morality to Psychology

Emotion Concepts in Urdu, 1870—1920

Margrit Pernau

another journal closely related to the Aligarh movement. 36 Anon., “Uns o muḥabbat,” Tah z īb ul A kh lāq (1880): 236. 37 Ibid., 238–239. 38 Muḥammad Maḥmud, “Dostī,” Tah z īb ul A kh lāq 1288 (1871): 3–4; Muḥammad Maḥmud, “Dostī ka bartāʾo,” Tah z īb