-domesticate, predator-prey, researcher-researched divides by focusing on the hybridity and multiplicity of both living and nonliving actors in their entangled inter- and intra-action. Building on existing reviews of multispecies ethnography ( Helmreich and Jones 2018
An Anthropology of Marine Stock Enhancement Science in Japan
my point of embarkation for a multispecies ethnography of hawks and humans in Philadelphia. Encounters between a family of red-tailed hawks and a community of amateur naturalists who observed and cared for them for several years interrogated
A Review of Multispecies Ethnography
Laura A. Ogden, Billy Hall, and Kimiko Tanita
This article defines multispecies ethnography and links this scholarship to broader currents within academia, including in the biosciences, philosophy, political ecology, and animal welfare activism. The article is organized around a set of productive tensions identified in the review of the literature. It ends with a discussion of the “ethnographic” in multispecies ethnography, urging ethnographers to bring a “speculative wonder” to their mode of inquiry and writing.
Toward Multispecies Ethnography in Melanesia
This article reviews two strengths of Melanesian anthropology that could make a significant contribution to anthropological research on human-animal relations, specifically to multispecies ethnography. The first strength is an analytical approach to comparative research on gender developed in response to challenges from feminist theory in the 1980s; the second is a wealth of ethnographic detail on human-animal relations, much of it contained in texts not explicitly concerned with them and thus largely inaccessible to nonspecialist readers. The article sets up an analogy between the challenges faced by feminist anthropologists and those currently faced by multispecies ethnographers. It demonstrates how pursuing the analogy allows multispecies ethnographers to draw together analytically, and to reinvestigate a broad range of ethnographic resources containing details on human-animal relations, whose convergence so far remains hidden by divergent theoretical interests.
Heeding Headless Thoughts
This afterword reflects on how the Matsutake Worlds Research Group project can be considered as ontological. The multispecies ethnographic engagements presented in this special issue manifest not only the concepts inherent in the worlds of others that defy the categories of Western metaphysical thought (e.g., life forms seen as ‘events’ rather than mere things), but also the way in which non-human life forms themselves can demand that we practice another kind of thought and embrace another vision of our own selves. By succumbing to the allure of the matsutake fungus, the Matsutake Worlds Research Group has begun one of the most suggestive and original conceptual enterprises today, a practice that perhaps could be named ‘heeding headless thoughts’.
A Critical Review
Hannah Gibson and Sita Venkateswar
The Anthropocene refers to the planetary scale of anthropogenic influences on the composition and function of Earth ecosystems and life forms. Socio-political and geographic responses frame the uneven topographies of climate change, while efforts to adapt and mitigate its impact extend across social and natural sciences. This review of anthropology's evolving engagement with the Anthropocene contemplates multifarious approaches to research. The emergence of multispecies ethnographic research highlights entanglements of humans with other life forms. New ontological considerations are reflected in Kohn's “Anthropology of Life,” ethnographic research that moves beyond an isolated focus on the human to consider other life processes and entities as research participants. Examples of critical engagement discussed include anthropology beyond disciplinary borders, queries writing in the Anthropocene, and anthropology of climate change. We demonstrate the diverse positions of anthropologists within this juncture in relation to our central trope of entanglements threaded through our discussion in this review.
Thinking with Salmon Otoliths and Scales
Heather Anne Swanson
find themselves in dialogue with the fish. But how do anthropologists actually study salmon? Amid the enthusiasm, multispecies ethnography has proved to be challenging, in part because it exposes the vulnerabilities of ethnography itself. It is
The Birth of “Bycatch”
scientists in their scientific entanglements with the sea. Heather Swanson (2017) charts a new course that bridges fisheries science and multispecies ethnography through the material work of “reading salmon bodies.” She proposes repurposing classical fish
Sarah Besky and Jonathan Padwe
Emergence of Multispecies Ethnography .” Cultural Anthropology 25 , no. 4 : 545 – 576 , doi: 10.1111/j.1548-1360.2010.01069.x . 10.1111/j.1548-1360.2010.01069.x Kohn , Eduardo . 2013 . How Forests Think: Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human
Goût biologique et labour dans les plantations de thé indiennes Cet article adopte une perspective multi‐espèces sur le goût pour explorer comment l’agriculture biologique affecte à la fois les relations non humaines et le travail humain dans les plantations de thé indiennes. Les planteurs de thé biologique utilisent le goût pour évaluer les conditions du sol et les changements climatiques et pour appliquer des pratiques biologiques en conséquence. L’article soutient que, d’une part, les planteurs cultivent stratégiquement des formes de collaboration entre les théiers, les champignons, les vaches et les micro‐organismes du sol pour améliorer le goût des cultures en monoculture. D’autre part, puisque ces formes de collaboration requièrent et reproduisent le travail précaire des travailleurs et des superviseurs du thé, leur résistance aux pratiques biologiques affecte également les goûts. Le terroir du thé biologique se caractérise à la fois par l’unité des espèces dans les monocultures et par les inégalités du travail dans les plantations.