This article proposes that Q1 Hamlet is best understood as an early Gothic tragedy. It connects Catherine Belsey’s work on Shakespeare’s indebtedness to ‘old wives’ tales’ and ‘winter’s tales’ about ghosts with Terri Bourus’s evidence of Q1’s connections to Stratford-upon-Avon, the 1580s, and the beginnings of Shakespeare’s London career. It conducts a systematic lexical investigation of Q1’s Scene 14 (not present in Q2 or F), showing that the scene’s language is indisputably Shakespearian. It connects the dramaturgy of Q1 to the dramaturgy of Titus Andronicus, particularly in terms of issues about the staging of violence, previously explored by Stanley Wells. It also shows that Titus and Q1 Hamlet share an unusual interest in the barbarity and vengefulness of Gothic Europe (including Denmark and Norway).
Mapping the Rise of a New Concept
In addition to the findings provided by distant reading and searching through relevant databases, including the use of N-gram viewers, close reading and scholarly domain expertise are necessary in order to understand the context for the concepts in
Poland and Finland in a Contrastive Comparison, 1830—1907
Wiktor Marzec and Risto Turunen
): 206. 25 E.g., magnetism in Åbo Tidningar , 21 February 1791, and egoism in Åbo Tidningar , 11 June 1798. 26 Mehiläinen 3 (1836): 5. 27 The analysis was carried out by searching the string “*ism*” in the Finnish N-grams (1820-2000) of the