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Charles Bradford Bow

This article examines the “progress” of Scottish metaphysics during the long eighteenth century. The scientific cultivation of natural knowledge drawn from the examples of Sir Francis Bacon (1561–1626), John Locke (1632–1704), and Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727) was a defining pursuit in the Scottish Enlightenment. The Aberdonian philosopher George Dalgarno (1616–1687); Thomas Reid (1710–1796), a member of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society known as the Wise Club; and the professor of moral philosophy at Edinburgh University Dugald Stewart (1753–1828), contributed to that Scottish pattern of philosophical thinking. The question of the extent to which particular external senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell) might be improved when others were damaged or absent from birth attracted their particular interest. This article shows the different ways in which Scottish anatomists of the mind resolved Molyneux’s Problem of whether or not an agent could accurately perceive an object from a newly restored external sense.

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Interpretation and Rationality

Developing Donald Davidson's Ideas in International Political Theory

Nikolay Gudalov

speaker. Davidson thus abstracted from ordinary situations and showed that, even then, interpretation is possible. Yet, the logic of RI is applicable everywhere – to understanding the speakers both of another natural language and of the same language

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Distributional Concept Analysis

A Computational Model for History of Concepts

Peter De Bolla, Ewan Jones, Paul Nulty, Gabriel Recchia, and John Regan

be learned from tracking the history of semantic changes (both across natural languages and within them), we find there is an obvious question here: Does this assume an identity between types of things, in our terms, a shared ontology between words

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Alone Together

Intimacy and Semi-Mobility during Ho Chi Minh City's Lockdown

Van Minh Nguyen

machines is precisely about providing them the instruments to become more similar to us – that is visors, natural language, tactile sensors and limbs suitable for movement. Indeed, the possibility of a complete relationship with the world constitutes the

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Synthetic Beings and Synthespian Ethics

Embodiment Technologies in Science/Fiction

Jane Stadler

humans (AI, machine learning, natural language processing, and computer vision) 5 include fears about uncontrolled release leading to ecological and social disruption and the misuse of knowledge leading to privacy and biosecurity issues, techno

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Sentimentalising Persons and Things

Creating Normative Arrangements of Bodies through Courtroom Talk

Jonas Bens

research is developing in computing. In what is called ‘sentiment analysis’, natural language use is analysed, typically in ‘big data’ settings ( Liu 2010 ; Ravi and Ravi 2015 ; Taboada et al. 2011 ). Although such research is a very different endeavour

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Jonathan Frome

“formalized language,” which is distinct from “natural language” and explicitly excludes “natural language questions which have not and cannot have strictly defined sets of possible and just-sufficient answers” such as “‘why’ and ‘how’ questions” ( Wiśniewski

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Jane Stadler

that arise in relationship to those processes” (2014, 3). Artificial intelligence (AI) centrally involves deep learning, artificial neural networks, and natural language processing, and such algorithms have themselves become cultural artifacts that

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Ian Moll

-physical systems Deep learning platforms Digitisation Drones Gene sequencing Genetic engineering HTML5 Intelligent machines Local game-saving Machine-learning platforms Mixed reality Natural language

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Apartheid of Thought

The Power Dynamics of Knowledge Production in Political Thought

Camilla Boisen and Matthew C. Murray

writes, when interrogating the use of ‘naturallanguage to support the well-trodden exposition of families, their social power dynamics and the unyielding ‘natural’ constituency many authors (contemporary and historic) have given to the structure, ‘[t