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Benoît Godin

of his time. The concept of innovation has no place in natural philosophy. Natural philosophy and innovation are two distinct spheres of activity. The first part of the article presents the meaning of the concept of innovation from its very early

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Introduction

Natural Philosophies of Fortune—Luck, Vitality, and Uncontrolled Relatedness

Giovanni da Col

Despite the resurgence of interdisciplinary interest in concepts of fortune, luck, and chance, anthropology has failed to engage with the social imagination of these concepts and their incorporation into quotidian moralities and decisions. This essay, which introduces the first of two special issues on this topic, will first present different conceptions and uses of notions of luck and chance and their relation with moral ontologies and notions of skeptical efficacy. By focusing on the interface between cosmology, economics, and human relatedness—that is, cosmoeconomics—this introduction shall then highlight how idioms of luck and fortune foreground a social topology that explicates how innate conceptions of vitality and 'mystical' influence, deemed to be of uncertain and uncontrolled nature, are nonetheless able to connect humans and non-humans, organisms and material entities.

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Translating the Concept of Experiment in the Late Eighteenth Century

From the English Philosophical Context to the Greek-Speaking Regions of the Ottoman Empire

Eirini Goudarouli and Dimitris Petakos

Grammar: Being a View of the Present State of Experimented Physiology, or Natural Philosophy in Four Volumes (1735), written by the famous eighteenth-century lexicographer, instrument maker, and Newtonian natural philosopher Benjamin Martin. As we will

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An Intellectual Genealogy of the Revolt against “Esprit de Système”

From the Renaissance to the Early Enlightenment

Jeffrey D. Burson

other classically trained gentlemen—were among the many occupations of the well-trained vir virtutis . Natural philosophy and the careful study of the ancients were assumed to be mutually reinforcing. By the seventeenth century, however, such activities

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At the Root of Learned Travel

New Science, the ‘Other’ and Imperialism in the Early Philosophical Transactions

Manuela D’Amore

of late Stuart England. Scholars’ use of letter exchange as an indispensable tool to collaborate in the field of natural philosophy had been established in Europe by 1650. An expert in historical and contemporary studies in writing, Charles Bazerman

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Matthew Binney

advancing a “Natural History” (xi). Campbell’s reference to “Natural History” indicates not only his awareness of the Royal Society’s pointed advice for travelers but also the writings on natural philosophy by Robert Boyle, who also contributed to the Royal

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Introduction

A Focus on the History of Concepts

Eirini Goudarouli

philosophical work, The Philosophical Grammar, Being a View of the Present State of Experimented Physiology, Or Natural Philosophy in Four Parts (1735), translated by Anthimos Gazis in 1799. This article focuses mainly on the different ways Gazis’s translation

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Anton Jansson, Kai Vogelsang, and Nele Kuhlmann

conceptualized they were committed to. The Greek natural philosophy, he shows, was not the antimetaphysical, rational protoscience it is often portrayed as, but was full of theology and ideals of moral formation. Thinking of this era as having possessed science

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Concerning Durkheim's 1899 Lecture ‘On Penal Sanctions’

Introduction, Translation Notes, and Comments

Ronjon Paul Datta and François Pizarro Noël

this may cause some objections. Referring to previously published Durkheim material containing the phrase science ou physique des mœurs, Hall (1993) suggests instead ‘the natural philosophy of social norms’ and translating Physique des mœurs et du

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Beyond Metaphor

Corporeal Sociability and the Language of Commerce in Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

Joseph D. Bryan

in natural philosophy to describe the universe as a detailed conglomeration of matter in motion. The state came to be understood as a rational mechanism directed by a prime mover, or “sun” in the case of Louis XIV, and body-politic metaphors