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Conceptual History of the Near East

The Sattelzeit as a Heuristic Tool for Interrogating the Formation of a Multilayered Modernity

Florian Zemmin and Henning Sievert

multilayered formation of modernity in the Near East. Part of this complexity results from the multiplicity of languages present and entangled in the Ottoman Empire and the Near East. This has also been pointed out by Topal and Wigen, who promote scholarly

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Economics, Anthropological Models and the Ancient Near East

David A. Warburton

This article discusses the evidence of markets in the Ancient Near East. The major points are (1) the shortcomings of the misguided application of the Polanyi model and (2) the ensuing implications of the failure to integrate economic history into modern economic theory. The analysis concentrates on Ancient Egypt, as it presents the most significant problem for economic history and theoretical modelling. Detailed criticism of the means by which the Polanyi model is upheld is coordinated with an argument in favour of recognising the importance of markets. The argument is that these markets are relevant both to long-term economic history and to modern economic theory - and that this must lead to a new debate about ancient and modern economies.

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Other Times, Other Worlds

Archaeology, Ritual, and Religion

Marc Verhoeven

This article is an introduction to the emerging sub-discipline of the archaeology of ritual and religion. It addresses the question of how archaeologists can approach these fields: what are the challenges and opportunities? Using theory and methodology, ritual and religion are explored in the archaeological record by means of so-called framing, and an interpretation is attempted through analogy and 'ethos'. Selected Neolithic sites from the Near East that have yielded rich and important data regarding ritual and religion serve as examples.

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Mishlei/Proverbs

Weaving the Web of Wisdom

Lindsey Taylor-Guthartz

. Modern scholars have pointed to other female wisdom figures in the ancient Near East – the Egyptian goddess Ma'at, for instance, or the Mesopotamian goddesses Nisiba or Ishtar – but perhaps more convincing is the fact that wisdom, particularly embodied

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Book Reviews

Robert Bork and Andrea Kann, eds., The Art, Science, and Technology of Medieval Travel (2008) Reviewed by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

Diane Fortenberry and Deborah Manley eds., Saddling the Dogs: Journeys through Egypt and the Near East (2009) Reviewed by Naghmeh Sohrabi

Hagen Schulz-Forberg, London-Berlin: Authenticity, Modernity, and the Metropolis in Urban Travel Writing from 1851 to 1939 (2006) Reviewed by Andrew S. Gross

Kathleen Barry, Femininity in Flight: A History of Flight Attendants (2007) Reviewed by Judith Adler

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Climate, Water, and Crises in the Southwest Asian Bronze Age

William R. Thompson

Evidence on river flow levels and other forms of climate indicators suggest significant variation in climate and water availability within the Bronze Age period. Intermittent deterioration in climate appears to have contributed to periodic crises (toward the ends of the fourth, third, and second millennia, as well as in the middle of the second millennium) manifested throughout the Near East. These periodic crises are associated variably with hinterland pressures on urban centers, governmental collapse, and, to a lesser extent, economic contraction. Climate was probably not the primary driver of these times of troubles, but climatic deterioration systematically made things worse.

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The Growth of The Hebraica/Judaica Collections at the School of Oriental and African Studies Library to 2008

Peter Salinger

The growth of the Hebraica/Judaica collections, which form part of the Ancient Near East Semitics and Judaica Section, reflect to a large extent the policies and resources of the library over the years, with the addition of some significant donations. The establishment of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in 1917 came as a response to the long-felt need for a separate institution, as a constituent college of the University of London, for the study of the languages and cultures of Asia and Africa, in view of Britain’s worldwide interests. The nucleus of the Hebrew collection of the library was formed by transfers from University College, London. For a number of years, however, growth was slow, as the library’s budget and staff complement was very small, particularly until after the Second World War.

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Book Reviews

Barbara Klich-Kluczewska, Gabriela Dudeková, Philip Mann, Kristen Ghodsee, Susan Zimmermann, Barbara Alpern Engel, Rhonda Semple, Amelia Licheva, Christian Promitzer, and Oksana Kis

Women, Communism, and Industrialization in Postwar Poland by Małgorzata Fidelis Barbara Klich-Kluczewska

The Politics of Gender Culture under State Socialism: An Expropriated Voice by Hana Havelková and Libora Oates-Indruchová (eds.) Gabriela Dudeková

Gendered Artistic Positions and Social Voices: Politics, Cinema, and the Visual Arts in State-Socialist and Post-Socialist Hungary by Beata Hock Philip Mann

Staging Socialist Femininity: Gender Politics and Folklore Performance in Serbia by Ana Hofman Kristen Ghodsee

Kohle für Stalin und Hitler: Arbeiten und Leben im Donbass 1929 bis 1953 (Coal for Stalin and Hitler. Working and living in the Donets basin 1929 to 1953) by Tanja Penter Susan Zimmermann

Bytovoe nasilie v istorii rossiiskoi povsednevnosti (XI–XXI vv.) (Domestic violence in the history of Russian everyday life [XI–XXI vv.]) by Marianna G. Muravyeva and Natalia L. Pushkareva, (eds.) Barbara Alpern Engel

Domestic Frontiers: Gender, Reform, and American Interventions in the Ottoman Balkans and the Near East, 1831–1908 by Barbara Reeves-Ellington Rhoda Semple

Zhenite v modernostta (Women in modernity) by Reneta Roshkeva and Nikolai Nenov (eds.) Amelia Licheva

Physical Anthropology, Race and Eugenics in Greece (1880s–1970s) by Sevasti Trubeta Christian Promitzer

Nezvychaini doli zvychainykh zhinok: Usna istoria XX stolittia (The extraordinary lives of ordinary women: Oral history of the twentieth century) by Iroida Wynnytsky (ed.) Oksana Kis

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Fair Exchange

Utilisation of Working Animals (and Women) in Ancient Mesopotamia and Modern Africa

Jill Goulder

models. For my present study of working animals in the Ancient Near East, direct historical analogy of the use of working animals in the modern Near East would be largely inappropriate, given the minor role of working animals in much of the region today

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‘He States That This is the Most Lovely Building He Has Ever Had the Pleasure of Seeing . . . ’

The Travel Writing and Collecting of Frederick Horniman

Ryan Nutting

Margaret Maitland . 2015 . “ An Innovative Antiquarian: Alexander Henry Rhind's Excavations in Egypt and His Collection in the National Museums Scotland .” In Every Traveller Needs a Compass: Travel and Collecting in Egypt and the Near East , ed. Neil