Recently two neo-Nazis were tried in Leeds Crown Court for disseminating material which incited Jew-hatred. This case was particularly important since its outcome determined whether Jews are protected under the Public Order Act of 1986.
Neo-Nazism, Holocaust Denial and UK Law
Issues Surrounding the Development of the Neo-Nazi Scene in East Berlin
The rise of neo-Nazism in the capital of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) was not inspired by a desire to recreate Hitler's Reich, but by youthful rebellion against the political and social culture of the GDR's Communist regime. This is detailed in Fuehrer-Ex: Memoirs of a Former Neo-Naxi by Ingo Hasselbach with Tom Reiss (Random House, New York, 1996). This movement, however, eventually worked towards returning Germany to its former 'glory' under the Third Reich under the guidance of 'professional' Nazis.
Methods, Interpretation, and Ethics in the Study of White Supremacist Perpetrators
Kathleen M. Blee
Interpretive and ethical frameworks circumscribe how we study the perpetrators of politically motivated violence against civilian populations. This article revisits the author’s studies of two eras of white supremacism in the United States, the 1920s and 1980s–1990s, to examine how these were affected by four frameworks of inquiry: the assumption of agency, the allure of the extraordinary, the tendency to categorical analysis, and the presumption of net benefit. It concludes with suggestions on how scholars can avoid the limitations of these frameworks.
“This Other Germany, the Dark One”
Post-Wall Memory Politics Surrounding the Neo-Nazi Riots in Rostock and Hoyerswerda
The outbreaks of neo-Nazi aggression against foreigners and asylum-seekers in the eastern German towns of Hoyerswerda in 1991 and Rostock-Lichtenhagen in 1992 were among the most violent demonstrations of far-right extremism in Germany since the
A Spectre Haunting Europe
Angela Merkel and the Challenges of Far-Right Populism
Joyce Marie Mushaben
three-child families, demanding law and order, as well as a return to nuclear energy (post Fukushima). Moving ever farther right, the AfD added unsavory, neo-Nazi characters, such as Thüringia's Björn Höcke (with prior criminal convictions). 23 Some
From a Five to a Six-Party System? Prospects of the Right-wing Extremist NPD
Frank Decker and Lazaros Miliopoulos
Right-wing extremist and populist parties operate in a rather difficult social and political environment in Germany, rendering notable electoral success fairly improbable, especially when compared to other European countries. The main reason for this is the continuing legacy of the Nazi past. Nevertheless the neo-Nazi National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD) managed to gain substantial votes in recent Land elections and became the leading force in the right-wing extremist political camp. Its success is attributable to rightwing extremist attitudes in some parts of the electorate in connection with a widespread feeling of political discontent. Nevertheless, it is questionable whether the NPD will be able to transform these attitudes into a viable ideological basis for two main reasons. On the one hand, maintaining a neo-Nazi ideology makes the NPD unattractive to many potential voters. On the other hand, given its internal power struggles and severe financial problems, the party may be unable to meet its challenges in organizational terms.
Right-Extremism in Germany: Recruitment of New Members
Much has been written about German right-extremist groups, regardless of whether they are neo-Nazi political parties or skinheads, but little has been published about their recruitment of new members and sympathizers. As is true of any group, the rightist movement needs constantly TO replenish its ranks in order not to shrink. Thus, they seek recruits in the high school and university student populations. In the latter, they have wooed members of conservative fraternities especially. Moreover, they have sought to win over recruits and officer trainees in the German armed forces. This article assesses their degree of success and raises the questions whether the recruitment by rightist groups differs from democratic groups and whether the rightist groups pose a threat to the existing democratic system.
Germany's Secret Service Investigates the Alternative for Germany
Thomas Klikauer and Kathleen Webb Tunney
a party and the ideology of Nazism do not in itself constitute a reason for the secret service to act against such a party.” 11 In other words, simply appearing to be a neo-Nazi party does not in itself warrant an official observation. A party has
Thomas Klikauer, Norman Simms, Helge F. Jani, Bob Beatty, and Nicholas Lokker
Spengler's book is widely taken as one of the key texts to understanding Nazism, even though the Nazis were anything but book-reading intellectuals. Nevertheless, the rise of neo-Nazis and Nazi racialist thought has come about, we are told, in “the land of
Inside Contested Cultural Memory
The Alternative für Deutschland in Dresden
republic, the gdr readily fostered these sentiments to distance itself from the West. 20 The Allied aerial bombing of Dresden was portrayed as a pointless “terror attack,” a term neo-Nazis quickly appropriated for their own post-unification agenda. 21