Neutrality and independence, along with humanity and impartiality, constitute core humanitarian principles. The humanitarian variant of neutrality, the one we know from Red Cross manifestos, was developed in the specific context of 1864 and was
Shifting contexts, shifting meanings—examples from South Sudan
Gerald F. Gaus
This essay analyses optimal voting rules for one form of deliberative democracy. Drawing on public choice analysis, it is argued that (i) the voting rule that best institutionalises deliberative democracy is a type of a supermajority rule. Deliberative democracy is also committed to (ii) the standard neutrality condition according to which if x votes are enough to select alternative A, x votes must be enough to select not-A. Taken together, these imply that deliberative democracy will often be indeterminate. This result shows that deliberative democracy is ill-equipped to provide guidance as to how actual political disputes are to be legitimately resolved.
Redistribution in a Neutral State
I argue that a commitment to liberal neutrality, and an opposition to coercion, means that we ought to support a redistributive state in which wealth, insofar as it is instrumental in allowing us to pursue our ends, is equalised. This is due to the fact that any conception of justice and desert works in favour of some, but against others, and that those who lose out by any particular conception are likely not to consent to it (meaning that its imposition is coercive). As having some understanding of justice and desert is inescapable in a society, coercion is unavoidable. However, those who are harmed by the imposition of a certain conception of justice and desert deserve compensation for their foregone position in the alternate conceptions in which they would be better off. This compensation is owed by those who have benefitted from the existing conception of justice and desert.
Methodological Implications of Positioning during and after Fieldwork in Conflict Societies
“There is no neutrality, because as soon as we are there, we are caught.” This statement made by Kimberly Theidon (2001: 28) in her article “Terror’s Talk” is not breaking news to experienced ethnographers. It means that given the fact that we
History Education as a “Powerful Weapon against Communism“?
The Cold War had a variety of impacts on Swiss schools. This article focuses on how schools, and especially their history curricula, became the vehicle with which to launch a “National Spiritual Defense“ (Geistige Landesverteidigung) against Communism. During the Cold War era, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, teachers' journals and textbooks analyses revealed tendencies connected to a heroic, teleological master narrative of Switzerland's national history. The “cultural memory“ (Assmann) was seemingly designed to strengthen the “Swiss spirit.“ It also provided patterns from which to explain the ongoing Cold War conflict. In the 1970s, educators and politicians assigned the schools the new task of assisting in national military defense efforts.
Gender Hegemony and Flows of Masculinities in Pixar Animated Films
Elizabeth Al-Jbouri and Shauna Pomerantz
Seize Your Moment: Assumed Gender Neutrality and Presumed Progress in Pixar Films Attempting to restore some of its animation studio's former glory, the Walt Disney Company bought its rival and distribution partner, Pixar, for $7.4 billion in
‘Everyday Diplomacy’ in Field Relations during the Russia-Ukraine Conflict
long term ‘field neutrality’ in such circumstances – when the researcher is from a country with a long history of political enmity or mistrust? As during the Serbian campaign, the current Ukraine conflict means researchers in Russia are unwillingly
Remembering a Frontrunner
In German academic Volkskunde of the 1970s, scholar Ina-Maria Greverus was a pioneer in several realms. As a woman and feminist, she challenged the discipline’s gender order, including its hidden gendered epistemology; as an early reader of international cultural anthropology, she transgressed nationalistically confined horizons, and her methodological openness created space for new formats that challenged false assumption of scientific objectivity and neutrality.
Julia de Kadt, Laurence Piper, Michael Lambert, Kevin A. Morrisson, Michael Phillips, and Lance Lachenicht
Political Topographies of the African State, by Catherine Boone Julia de Kadt
Toleration, Neutrality and Democracy, edited by Dario Castiglione and Catriona McKinnon Laurence Piper
The Culture of Toleration in Diverse Societies: Reasonable Tolerance, edited by Catriona McKinnon and Dario Castiglione Laurence Piper
Democracy, edited by David Estlund Laurence Piper
War and Gender, by Joshua S. Goldstein Michael Lambert
The Uncanny, by Nicholas Royle Kevin A. Morrisson
Political Reconciliation, by Andrew Schaap Michael Phillips
The Illusion of Conscious Will, by Daniel M. Wegner Lance Lachenicht
Maurizio Passerin d'Entrèves
This article examines the question of justice in democratic constitutional states from the standpoint of a theory of deliberative democracy. Its aim is to show that the validity of a conception of justice and the legitimacy of political institutions and public policies based upon it can best be defended on the basis of a normative theory of deliberative democracy. This theory, I shall argue, is superior to the two main normative models of justification that appeal to the ideal of neutrality (Rawls, Larmore, Nagel) or to the ideal of perfectionism (Raz, Galston).