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Visiones alternativas sobre seguridad en América Latina

Hacia una contribución global en seguridad humana

Oscar A. Gómez

*Full article is in Spanish

English abstract: This article analyzes the peripheral role of Latin America in global discussions about human security. The main hypothesis is that proposals for opening security theories and practices to a “human vision” failed to merge with the evolution of security concepts and institutions in the region over the last twenty years. Hence, there is no constructive communication interface between citizen and human security activities that inform security practices in the medium and long term. This article describes two approaches: (a) the slow development of human security concepts that may be somehow useful to the region due to (b) the positioning of citizen security as an alternative security paradigm in Latin America. Following a conceptual and institutional review of these approaches, the article concludes with some proposals to establish a dynamic and effective bridge between these two visions.

Spanish abstract: El presente artículo analiza el papel periférico de Latinoamérica en las discusiones mundiales sobre el concepto/enfoque de seguridad humana. La hipótesis de trabajo es que las propuestas para abrir la teoría y práctica de seguridad en la región a la visión humana no han logrado acoplarse a la evolución en las concepciones e instituciones de seguridad durante los últimos veinte años; por tanto, no existe una interface constructiva de comunicación entre lo ciudadano y lo humano que informe el quehacer en seguridad en el mediano y largo plazo. El estudio describe dos hilos conductores: (a) el lento desarrollo de versiones elaboradas del concepto de seguridad humana que resulten útiles a las sociedades de la región, en parte producto de (b) el posicionamiento de la seguridad ciudadana como el paradigma alternativo de seguridad en América Latina. Después de hacer una revisión de estos hilos en lo conceptual e institucional, el artículo cierra con algunas propuestas para establecer un puente más dinámico y efectivo entre las dos visiones.

French abstract: Cet article analyse le rôle périphérique de l'Amérique latine dans le débat mondial sur le concept / approche de la sécurité humaine. L'hypothèse de travail est que les propositions visant à ouvrir la théorie et la pratique de la sécurité dans la région à la vision humaine ont échoué à engager l'évolution des concepts et des institutions de sécurité au cours des ces vingt dernières années; par conséquent, il n'existe pas d'interface de communication constructive entre le citoyen et l'activité humaine à informer sur les initiatives de sécurité dans le moyen et long terme. L'étude décrit deux fils conducteurs: (1) la lenteur du développement des versions du concept de sécurité humaine élaborées qui sont utiles aux entreprises dans la région, en partie le produit de (2) la conception de la sécurité « citoyenne » comme un paradigme alternatif de la sécurité en Amérique latine. Après un examen de ces discussions sur le conceptuel et l'institutionnel, l'article se termine par quelques propositions destinées à établir un pont plus dynamique et efficient entre les deux points de vue.

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The Exile of Speech

Re-reading Genesis 6–9 in the Light of Lockdown

Angela West

reading of the text! But as the floods subsided, a new threat appeared on the horizon, as we found ourselves in the midst of a global pandemic, caused by the virus Covid-19. For me the ensuing lockdown served to flag up the story, together with Zornberg

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Rethinking Human Development and/as Human Security for the Anthropocene

An Analysis of the United Nations Development Programme Trilogy of Reports 2020–2022

Des Gasper

Development Report 2020: The Next Frontier—Human Development and the Anthropocene , hereafter HDR 2020 ( UNDP 2020 ); the February 2022 Special Report New Threats to Human Security in the Anthropocene , hereafter SR 2022 ( UNDP 2022a ); and the Human

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Book Reviews

Aditi Aggarwal, Elisabeth Lund Engebretsen, Amanda K. Phillips de Lucas, and Kevin Vrevich

supremacy. As recent events have shown all too well, new threats and methods will thrive with willing participants. Though a complete Black counter-public may no longer be necessary just to avoid embarrassment, it is clear that the other problems the Green

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Quarantine and Its Malcontents

How Liberians Responded to the Ebola Epidemic Containment Measures

Umberto Pellecchia

case, Ebola did not find them unprepared: they had tools to stay protected. As Barry Hewlett has shown for the communities in Uganda ( Hewlett and Hewlett 2008: 45 ), in Augustine Village existing security protocols were adapted to the new threat. The

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Russian Girls Construct Freedom and Safety in Pandemic Times

Olga Zdravomyslova and Elena Onegina

given this new threat of infection and the concomitant COVID-19 restrictions on their freedom. We conducted the study in accordance with accepted ethical standards. Our over-riding principle in conducting the interviews was to ensure the health and

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Introduction

Pegida as a European Far-Right Populist Movement

Helga Druxes and Patricia Anne Simpson

, … such nostalgic imaginaries are combined with and reinforced through anger and fear: anger about the alleged loss and fear of alleged new threats. These in turn lead to opposition against any transnational and globalized policies, against the eu

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China and Russia Policy in the 2021 Election and Beyond

Stephen F. Szabo

Bundestag election, there was little debate on how to deal with this new threat during the campaign. The newly elected coalition partners had differing views that had not been resolved when the issue of Ukraine re-emerged just a month after they took office

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(Un)Doing the Colombian Armed Conflict

Forensic Knowledge, Contradicting Bodies, Unsettling Stories

María Fernanda Olarte-Sierra

Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) who were initially seen as a threat given their political leftist ideology and their subsequent drug-related activities that posed a new threat (Centro Nacional de Memoria Histórica 2016). AUC received economic support

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‘At the Mercy of the German Eagle’

Images of London in Dissolution in the Novels of William Le Queux

Antony Taylor

contemporaries. Many were depicted as members of secret legions and rifle clubs engaged in small arms practice and trained to prepare the way for an impending German invasion of Britain. 50 There was an elision in much invasion fiction between the newer threats