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From behind stall doors

Farming the Eastern German countryside in the animal welfare era

Amy Leigh Field

who live at a distance from the rural livelihoods they often condemn. This article begins with a reflection on the historical distribution and social cultivation of geographically distinct modes of interacting with nonhuman animals and animal

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Hunting for Justice

An Indigenous Critique of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation

Lauren Eichler and David Baumeister

easily translate to many Native American cultures. As Michael Asch notes, “wildlife,” from a Western perspective, refers to any nonhuman animals or plants that are undomesticated and reside in spaces largely uncultivated or uninhabited by humans

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Realizing Interspecies Democracy

The Preconditions for an Egalitarian, Multispecies, World

Sue Donaldson, Janneke Vink, and Jean-Paul Gagnon

today? Vink: First of all, thank you, Jean-Paul, for inviting me to discuss these important issues with you two, and for this very intriguing opening of our trialogue. Before describing some of the injustices faced by nonhuman animals today, we might

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Crystal Fortwangler

This article explores introduced and invasive species, untangling the ways in which disciplinary frameworks across the social sciences, natural sciences, and humanities examine introduced and invasive species and their relations with human societies. It focuses on how attention to this topic varies as well as what the unifying factors and commonalities are, and what benefit we gain from a comparison of approaches. The article discusses work from a range of disciplines to examine and critique the ways in which we think about introduced and invasive species not only in ecological but also in social and cultural terms.

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Humans, Animals, and Health

From Ecology to Entanglement

Alex M. Nading

Medical and environmental social scientists have recently become interested in how health brings human and nonhuman animals together. is article discusses historical approaches to this question. It then explores applied disease ecology, which examines how anthropogenic landscape change leads to “disease emergence.” The article goes on to review two critical approaches to the question. Critics of bio-security concern themselves with the ways in which animal and human lives are regulated in the context of “emerging diseases” such as avian influenza and foot and mouth disease. Scholarship on human-animal “entanglement” focuses on the ways in which disease, instead of alienating humans from other life forms, brings their intimate relationships into sharper relief. The article argues that health is one terrain for developing a critical environmental analysis of the production of life, where life is the ongoing, dynamic result of human and nonhuman interactions over time.

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What Determines the Boundary of Civil Society?

Hume, Smith and the Justification of European Exploitation of Non-Europeans

Elias L. Khalil

Civil society consists of members obligated to respect each other's rights and, hence, trade with each other as equals. What determines the boundary, rather than the nature, of civil society? For Adam Smith, the boundary consists of humanity itself because it is determined by identification: humans identify with other humans because of common humanness. While Smith's theory can explain the emotions associated with justice (jubilance) and injustice (resentment), it provides a mushy ground for the boundary question: Why not extend the common identity to nonhuman animals? Or why not restrict the boundary to one's own dialect, ethnicity or race? For David Hume, the boundary need not consist of humanity itself because it is determined by self-interest: a European need not respect the property of outsiders such as Native Americans, if the European benefits more by exploiting them than including them in the European society. While Hume's theory can provide a solid ground for the boundary question, it cannot explain the emotions associated with justice. This paper suggests a framework that combines the strengths, and avoids the shortcomings, of Smith's and Hume's theories.

Open access

Emily Beausoleil and Jean-Paul Gagnon

problem of anthropocentric democratic theory and the preconditions needed to realize an interspecies democracy. Donaldson proposes the involvement of nonhuman animals in political institutions, Vink argues for changes to law, and Gagnon advises a personal

Free access

Ronald Stade

cruelty to animals and cruelty by animals). Despite continuing efforts to erase the distinction between human and nonhuman animals, calling nonhuman predators cruel is likely to be considered a case of anthropomorphism: human intentions (as in mens rea

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The iAnimal Film Series

Activating Empathy Through Virtual Reality

Holly Cecil

viewers to the lives of nonhuman animals incarcerated in industrial farming. Specifically, I examine the innovative use of VR by animal-advocacy organizations to communicate the lived experience of farmed animals’ short lives from birth to slaughterhouse

Free access

Mimi Sheller and Gijs Mom

. While Newman focuses on human transportation, we must also incorporate principles of mobility justice in terms of the circulation of food, water, energy, and other goods. We must consider not only human mobilities but nonhuman, animal, plant, and more