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Normalizing Activism and Marginalizing Radical Youth in Spain's Post-15M Social Movements

Eduard Ballesté

others. With these concepts I can observe and explain how normative understandings appear in 15M and post-15M movements that define what constitutes good and bad forms of protest. This normalization affects social movements themselves because it acts as

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(Para)normalizing Rape Culture

Possession as Rape in Young Adult Paranormal Romance

Annika Herb

creating a culture of normalizing, trivializing, and enabling sexual assault. Marion Rana (2014) , along with Erika Cleveland and E. Sybil Durand (2014) identify rape myths (for example, rapists are predominantly strangers, the victim is to blame, women

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Undoing the Myth of Childhood Innocence in Gisela Elsner's Fliegeralarm

Susanne Baackmann

fascism) based on Chancellor Kohl's famous adage of the “mercy of a late birth” as justification for normalizing German national identity in alliance with Western powers, it questions the entire edifice upon which Germany's official memory culture is built

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Perceptions of German Leadership

Irish National Identity and Germany as a “Significant Other” during the Euro Crisis

Charlotte Galpin

normalization” of Germany's role in Europe. Normalization is understood broadly as the development of a more self-confident German national identity, where Germany becomes “more like other powers in its class, e.g. France, and the uk .” 9 Following World War

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Understanding Experiences and Decisions in Situations of Enduring Hardship in Africa

Mirjam de Bruijn and Jonna Both

are part of the historical and everyday experience of people and have become deeply internalized and normalized to a certain extent ( de Bruijn et al. 2004 ; Both et al. 2018 ). This raises significant questions about how to understand these

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“Fighting Is Not Pretty”

Interpreting the Experience of Self-Defense in Girls' Fights

Elvira Arif

One of the issues of girls' security in urban space is defense against physical assault. Some forms of self-defense by girls and young women are marginalized by gender discourse. I examine, in this article, the example of the use of physical force as a bodily resource in girls' and young women's fights as a normalization by participants of their experience. I analyze the narratives of young women through their conception of the image of the body. My research shows that the girls' experience does not contradict their femininity, but neither does it correspond to the image of the defenseless body. Its reproduction contributes to the cementing of the concept of vulnerability in relation to girls' positioning in urban space. Inevitably, then, the girl herself in urban space remains vulnerable.

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The ABCs of Autism

Aspects of Maternal Pedagogy in Australia

Rozanna Lilley

The field of autism interventions, as well as advice given to parents on educating children with autism spectrum disorders, is characterized by competing claims and controversy. This article compares two events targeted at parents, both of which were staged on the same weekend in Sydney, Australia, in 2007. One centered on applied behavioral analysis, holding out the promise of potential normalization for children with autism and their families. The other, mobilizing civil rights rhetoric, pushed for the full educational inclusion of all children with disabilities. This article investigates the assumptions underlying these varied positions and assesses some of the ways in which parents, especially mothers, make sense of and situationally negotiate these often emotionally charged claims and counter-claims.

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The AfD and the End of Containment in Germany?

David Art

states in Europe have normalized the radical right since it re-emerged in the 1980s, the sustained mobilization of German political parties, the media, and civil society against anti-immigrant parties has, to date, been very effective. The second section

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“I Am Trying” to Perform Like an Ideal Boy

The Construction of Boyhood through Corporal Punishment and Educational Discipline in Taare Zameen Par

Natasha Anand

into contemporary India’s modus operandi of gender normalization by signaling how a whole culture of education makes boys both subjects of and subject to the relations of power. Methodology Educational theories inevitably reflect patriarchal

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Problematic Normalization: Eastern German Workers Eight Years after Unification

Astrid Segert

How can one best investigate the mental attitudes and patterns of

behavior of eastern Germans eight years after political unification?

Since 1990, the method dominating this discussion has been based

on measuring the degree to which easterners have “caught up” with

the supposedly more modern western Germans. However, empirical

studies and surveys have shown that this model is an ineffective, even

inappropriate means of describing how unification has impacted the

lives of eastern Germans. In this article, I argue that a more appropriate

approach is to consider the enduring differences in the opportunity

structures among eastern and western Germans, as well as the

differences in their respective behavioral patterns. In this context,

“opportunity structure” refers to the opportunities provided and limitations

imposed by social structures. For the analysis of opportunity

structures, I focus on what I call “contradictory adaptation” and

“problematic normalization.” My analysis of behavioral patterns

emphasizes the logic internal to the subjects themselves (Eigenlogik).

This internal logic differs significantly from outsiders’ interpretations

of easterners’ behavior, as the following example illustrates.