Anthropological field research in Iran, mainly in the village of Aliabad and in nearby Shiraz in south-west Iran, has documented radical social, cultural, religious and economic change over the last 28 years. Increasing emphasis on the nuclear rather than the extended family and pressures for geographic and social mobility have profoundly influenced the lives of the elderly. The traditional family system of support for elders - with regard to emotional and social needs, as well as financial assistance and physical care - is breaking down. Social scientists, social workers and health personnel must focus on adequately addressing the needs and concerns of the Iranian elderly in the twenty-first century and on developing alternative systems to deal with key elderly issues of health, well-being and social incorporation.
The Impact on Iranian Elderly Social Networks and Care Systems
Mary Elaine Hegland, Zahra Sarraf, and Mohammad Shahbazi
Revising the Family Story
whatever dominant … origin stories currently exist” (2007: 153), in this case narratives of the North American consolidated “nuclear family.” 4 The Troutmans, and specifically Thebes, offer an opportunity for the twenty-first-century Canadian family to be
The Political Economy of Desire and Competing Matrimonial Emotions
negative attitudes (see also Liarskaya 2010: 31–32 ), engender the stereotype of so-called Northern wives ( severnye zheny in Russian) in the locality, and center around the nuclear family ideal. The notion of Northern wives has had a long history. I do
Screening Narratives of Girl Killers
The term girl heroine is an ambiguous signifier in discourses surrounding action-adventure cinema. Film scholars occasionally refer to adult action heroines as girls, while adolescent warriors remain largely overlooked in the literature. Research on women warriors focuses primarily on “musculinity” films of the 1980s or on more recent “action babe” movies featuring adult women. However, movies like Kick-Ass, Hanna, Violet & Daisy, Hard Candy, True Grit, and The Hunger Games demonstrate that films with adolescent action heroines are increasingly popular. This article argues that contemporary depictions of girl warriors emerge as a result of recent shifts in cultural attitudes towards girlhood sexuality and girlhood aggression. It also argues that the rise of the adolescent action heroine points to anxieties about changes in nuclear family structures, and that contemporary action films imply that young girls should be responsible for maintaining moral order. Ultimately, such films thus contain regressive as well as progressive messages.
It is remarkable how few Westerners know that Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation (after China, India, and the United States), or that Indonesia is home to more Muslims than any other country. These basic facts should be enough to establish Indonesia’s importance for current world affairs. In this essay, however, I argue for paying attention to the life-worlds of gay and lesbian Indonesians. While this might seem an unconventional topic, these Indonesians’ lives provide valuable clues to how being ‘Indonesian’ gets defined and to the workings of nation-states more generally. They teach us how heteronormativity—the assumption that heterosexuality is the only normal or proper sexuality—plays a fundamental role in forming nation-states as “imagined communities.” In Indonesia and elsewhere, nation-states are modeled on a particular archetype of the nuclear family (husband, wife, and children, with the nation’s president as parent). In line with this model, nation-states often portray themselves as made up not just of individual citizens but of families, which almost always are assumed to be nuclear families despite the staggering range of family forms found in the world’s cultures. Restricting the family model to the heterosexual couple has been a key means by which the idea of the Indonesian nation (and other nations) has been promulgated and sustained. Thus, rather than see the exclusion of homosexuality as a latter-day response to an encroaching global gay and lesbian movement, this exclusion is most accurately understood as a point of departure by which the idea of ‘Indonesia’ comes to exist in the first place.
An Urban Cadence of Power and Precarity
Jennifer Ruth Hosek
. Deemed strong willed by her interviewed mother, Xela may perhaps have in more traditional circumstances been restricted to her barrio or the extended matriarchal family. Here in migration, her space was a windowless room within the walls of the nuclear
Two Women and Two Men in a Changing Time
. Bourguiba ‘adopted a developmental language to promote a nuclear family ideal consisting of weak kin power, a stronger conjugal bond, and individual autonomy in the selection of one’s spouse’ ( Charrad 2008: 119 ). Significantly, the first act of the
How an Anthropology of Childhood Reveals Kinship Structure
of the child from one nuclear family to another and makes this individual the ‘property’ of one or several adults, will help us to understand the structure of kinship among Ġorbats. While observing the composition of a Ġorbat household, in small rooms
The Person, the Role, the Theory
by clan and lineage, the ‘domestic domain’ by the family. Underlying the whole social system was a biological bedrock of sex, childbirth, maturation and death. These played out in the first place within the nuclear family. And the nuclear family was
Daniel M. Knight
and time-consuming legalization, the lack of financial resources for property maintenance, and the feeling that the nuclear family must be of primary financial and emotional concern. Even during the Ottoman era, when central Greece was divided into