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Nature’s Market?

A Review of Organic Certification

Shaila Seshia Galvin

As organic food becomes more widely available, great faith is placed on the seal or logo that certifies organic status. This article treats the mark of certification as a starting rather than an end point, critically reviewing literature from diverse national and regional contexts. Exploring questions concerning the extent to which organic certification assists or undermines the goal of ecological sustainability, abets the advance of large-scale agricultural capital, and supports the livelihood of smallholder farmers, the article considers the theoretical foundations, methodologies and modes of inquiry that have guided studies of organic agriculture and certification. It brings this research into conversation with literatures on audit cultures, quality, and with ongoing nature-culture debates. Through critical review of the literature and the author's extensive fieldwork with organic smallholders in northern India, the article suggests possible directions in which the literature may be expanded and advanced.

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Fair Trade and Fair Trade Certification of Food and Agricultural Commodities

Promises, Pitfalls, and Possibilities

Debarati Sen and Sarasij Majumder

The global circulation of food and agricultural commodities is increasingly influenced by the ethical choices of Western consumers and activists who want to see a socially and environmentally sustainable trade regime in place. These desires have culminated in the formation of an elaborate system of rules, which govern the physical and social conditions of food production and circulation, reflected in transnational ethical regimes such as fair trade. Fair trade operates through certifying producer communities with sustainable production methods and socially just production relationships. By examining interdisciplinary academic engagements with fair trade, we argue that fair trade certification is a transnational bio-political regime; although, it holds the potential for reflecting global counterpolitics. By reviewing the literature on the emergence and history of fair trade certification, agro-food chains, case studies on certified producer communities and the certification process, this article shows that fair trade certification is a new governing mechanism to discipline farmers and producers in the Global South by drawing them into globalized market relationships. However, recent studies suggest that fair trade also leaves open the potential for creative iterations of the fair trade idea in producer communities to give voice to their situated struggles for justice. Thus, fair trade constitutes a contested moral terrain that mediates between the visions of justice harbored by producers and activists in the Global South and reflexive practices of the Western consumers. To map these critical developments around fair trade and fair trade certification, close ethnographic attention to the material and symbolic life of certification is vital.

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Technologies and infrastructures of trust

Anna Weichselbraun, Shaila Seshia Galvin, and Ramah McKay

's insistent and slippery analytical claim. For instance, when presenting her research on how smallholder farmers in northern India navigate the organic certification process, Shaila Seshia Galvin has reflected on the frequency with which she was asked by

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Rethinking “new regionalisms” out of Africa 2020

Timothy M. Shaw and Abigail Kabandula

organic certification ( Hudson et al., 2013 ), even developmental states and regions do not authoritatively control burgeoning new sectors like mobile phones, finance, broadband internet, brands, franchises, logistics (particularly South African), ATMs

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Certification Regimes in the Global Agro-Food System and the Transformation of the Nature-Society Relationship

Ecological Modernization or Modernization of Ecology?

Md Saidul Islam

-food certification ChinaGAP * Green food standard Certification schemes provided by NGOs Marine Aquarium Council International Standards Organization Organic certification schemes

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Vital trust beyond the human

Kate McClellan

:// . Galvin , S. S. 2018 . ‘ The Farming of Trust: Organic Certification and the Limits of Transparency in Uttarakhand, India ’. American Ethnologist 45 ( 4 ): 495 – 507 . . Giddens , A

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Values-based territorial food networks

Qualifying sustainable and ethical transitions of alternative food networks

Rachel Reckinger

new questions on political agendas. Concretely, they may for example: promote (agro-)ecological production methods (though not necessarily with formal organic certification); favor local, fresh and seasonal foods, thereby contributing to the