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The Other Children of the French Republic

The Government of Kafala by the Institutions of Adoption

Aurélie Fillod-Chabaud

formalizes intra-family transfers of children, as well as transfers of minors within the circle of kinship (for example, the customary practice of child donation)—and it can also have a protective function for children who are orphaned altogether. Indeed

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Social orphans and the neblagopoluchnaia family

The cycle of child displacement in the Russian north

Elena Khlinovskaya Rockhill

Due to profound socioeconomic and political changes in post-Soviet Russia, the number of families viewed as neblagopoluchnye and 'unfit' for bringing up their children is increasing, and so is the number of children without parental care. To protect children from the harmful influence of their 'unfit' parents and to ensure a better future for them, state agents remove children from their families placing them in residential care institutions. Yet the nature of parenting in state care, the absence of inter-generational support and the lack of networks for family support and assistance render some of these young people ill equipped to deal successfully with the difficulties and uncertainties of post-Soviet social realities. Usually the state agents hold care-leavers responsible for their maladjustment and place the former residents' children in residential care institutions. This leads to the creation of whole 'dynasties' of institutionalised individuals. This article outlines some concepts and practices of child removal, demonstrating that both are still underpinned by Soviet values. Institutional experiences as narrated by former residents illustrate the genesis of difficulties in post-institutional adjustment.

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“Before the War, Life Was Much Brighter and Happier than Today”

Letters from French War Orphans, 1915–1922

Bethany S. Keenan

and happier than today.” 1 Roger was one of over 200,000 French “war orphans”—children who had lost their father in the war—who were “adopted” by Americans during and immediately after World War I. 2 In exchange for donations, American “godparents

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Elisabeth Timm and Patrick Laviolette

next issue. With the passing of Ina-Maria Greverus in 2017, AJEC is now orphaned from its two founding editors. At a time when the Soviet Union was collapsing and Europe would begin facing even more drastic changes, Grevenus and Giordano had the

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Tuğçe Kayaal

, School Number: 12                           November 1918 1 The quotation above is from the police report on a sexual abuse case that took place in the Industrial School [ Sanayi Mektebi ] and House of Orphans [ Öksüz Yurdu ] in Konya, a city located in

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Introduction

France’s Great War from the Edge

Susan B. Whitney

reverberations long-lasting, both in the metropole and in the colonies. More than 1.3 million French soldiers and an estimated 71,000 colonial soldiers lost their lives, leaving behind approximately 1.1 million war orphans and 600,000 war widows. Historical

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“I am a dead woman”

Embodying and resisting dependency among women living with HIV in Papua New Guinea

Holly Wardlow

domain of the familial, an iconic image of AIDS in Africa in the 2000s has been the elderly grandmother caring for the orphaned children of her deceased adult children. The significance of the “AIDS orphan”/grandmother dyad is that of a kind of dependency

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When Jackie Coogan Had His Hair Cut

Masculinity, Maturity, and the Movies in the 1920s

Peter W. Lee

Old Figure 3 Coogan’s entrance into manhood made for effective marketing ballyhoo. The boy actor counts down the days before his graduation from vagabond orphan to filmic gentleman. He actually has much longer to go: the real tonsorial operation took

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The Politics of Indigeneity and Heritage

Indonesian Mortuary Materials and Museums

Kathleen M. Adams

hundreds, if not thousands, of burial plots. This poses the quandary of what to do with these Toraja mortuary materials of unknown origins, which I term “homeless heritage.” I prefer this designation over “orphaned art,” which was used as the title of an

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The Wanderer Contained

Issues of 'Inside' and 'Outside' in Relation to Harold Gray's Little Orphan Annie and Marilynne Robinson's Housekeeping

Joanne Hall

This article examines two texts which contain representations of the female hobo: Harold Gray's comic strip Little Orphan Annie (1924–1964) and Marilynne Robinson's novel Housekeeping (1980). This article will focus on a section of Orphan Annie from 1926 and 1927. The many differences between the texts – which include their genre and their temporal setting and production – are acknowledged. However, I am primarily concerned with the figure that unites these disparate texts: the female hobo. This article makes use of two key concepts: the category and the frame. There are several categories within these texts: wife, mother, orphan, daughter, and that of wanderer. This article is also concerned with the collapse of categories. Marjorie Garber argues that the presence of a passing figure reveals a 'category crisis'. In Garber's argument this is 'a failure of definitional distinction, a borderline that becomes permeable, that permits of border crossings from one (apparently distinct) category to another' (1993:16). The texts examined in this paper both contain passing figures: Orphan Annie features Annie as a crossed dressed female hobo and Housekeeping a hobo attempting to become a small town mother.