This article examines the reinvigoration of outer space imaginaries in the era of global environmental change, and the impacts of these imaginaries on Earth. Privatized space research mobilizes fears of ecological, political, or economic catastrophe to garner support for new utopian futures, or the search for Earth 2.0. These imaginaries reflect dominant global discourses about environmental and social issues, and enable the flow of earthly resources toward an extraterrestrial frontier. In contrast, eco-centric visions emerging from Gaia theory or feminist science fiction project post-earthly life in terms that are ecological, engaged in multispecies relations and ethics, and anticapitalist. In these imaginaries, rather than centering humans as would-be destroyers or saviors of Earth, our species becomes merely instrumental in launching life—a multispecies process—off the planet, a new development in deep evolutionary time. This article traces these two imaginaries and how they are reshaping material and political earthly life.
The Politics of Life after Earth
Un-Earthing an Epoch
Valerie Olson and Lisa Messeri
As “the Anthropocene” emerges as a geological term and environmental analytic, this paper examines its emerging rhetorical topology. We show that Anthropocene narratives evince a macroscale division between an “inner” and “outer” environment. This division situates an Anthropocenic environment that matters in the surface zone between Earth's subsurface and the extraterrestrial “outer spaces” that we address here. We review literature in the sciences and social sciences to show how contemporary environmental thinking has been informed by understandings of Earth's broader planet-scaled environmental relations. Yet, today's Anthropocene conversation draws analytic attention inward and downward. Bringing in literature from scholars who examine the role of the extraterrestrial and outer environmental perspectives in terrestrial worlds, we suggest that Anthropocenic theorizations can productively incorporate inclusive ways of thinking about environments that matter. We argue for keeping “Anthropocene” connected to its spatial absences and physical others, including those that are non-anthropos in the extreme.
La dramaturgie du récit journalistique à l'épreuve du spatial
This article examines the treatment of outer space in the French weekly magazine L'Express from 1969 to 2009. After the Apollo 11 mission to the moon, space was essentially analyzed from the perspective of geopolitics: International tensions, the Cold War, and the emergence of an integrated Europe served as prisms through which the subject of outer space was explored. After the Challenger crash in 1986, thinking about space took on a more commercial orientation; business, trade, and competition became a powerful frame of reference. At the same time, ecological concerns emerged to reinforce a negative view of space exploration. Space debris and the decline of utopian expectations became recurring themes. This cultural history of disenchantment over space reflected both a scaling back of Promethean ambitions and the assimilation of space into everyday life.
Michael K. Bess, David Lipset, Kudzai Matereke, Stève Bernardin, Katharine Bartsch, Harry Oosterhuis, Samuel Müller, Frank Schipper, Benjamin D’Harlingue, and Katherine Roeder
contributions in line with the calls on the pages of this journal to arrive at more “transdisciplinary” scholarship. It can only be hoped that scholarly circles will pick up this important subject more widely. Outer Space Mobilities From Administrative Discourse
William Nessly, Noel B. Salazar, Kemal Kantarci, Evan Koike, Christian Kahl, and Cyril Isnart
neoliberal agenda of our societies. In a final and thought-provoking contribution, Deana L. Weibel proposes to study the religious dimensions of outer-space travels, including an Evangelical astronaut’s interpretations of his own journeys. The author makes
Nineteenth Century Geography Textbooks and Children’s Books
discover (on earth and in outer space) and to new spheres of knowledge. The articles consequently broaden their scope of inquiry to include, in addition to geography textbooks, children’s and youth literature and architectural aspects of school buildings
Value-Maximizing Interpretations of Withnail and I
-maximizer identifies the interpretation that makes the work most valuable as the correct one . One might, of course, reject the value-maximizing project altogether on the grounds that it simply gets the interpretations of films wrong. Plan 9 from Outer Space (Ed Wood
Time and Taxes in a Finnish Timebank
Recently, an employee of the Tax Administration even produced a speculative outline for outer-space taxation in anticipation of the time when commercial work in space may exist ( Lallukka 2016 ). Whose time is used for outer-space taxation? To which country
Daniel M. Knight
her elbow to make sure that I am paying attention, ‘watching William Shatner and the guy with the big pointy ears race around outer space, jumping to warp speed and collapsing any preconceptions we humble humans on 1970s Earth might have had about
protected ( Mo'in 1382 [2003/2004]: 951 ). From a practical perspective, it can be noticed in the way in which Iranian houses were built, with their andaruni and biruni , constituting a protected inner, and an outer space of human existence open to